H. Omar , S. Rohani ,
 University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
The world’s landfills are beginning to fill up due to the growing human population. Landfills require land and there will come a time when there will be no land to be used for landfills. A solution that is gaining attraction is the conversion of traditional “dry-tomb” landfills (used for storage) into bioreactor landfills. Dry-tomb landfills have many associated problems such as methane ...
H. Kwon, M. Hess II, R. M. Polski
Andrews University, Berrien Springs, MI, USA
Mathematical skin models play an important role in fields such as transdermal drug delivery and assessment of dermal exposure to industrial chemicals. Extensive research has been conducted on modeling skin for transdermal drug delivery; however, little effort has been made to view the skin as a permeable layer to expel waste chemicals or toxins from the body. In this work, we focused on topical ...
F. Alzahrani, F. Aiouache
Engineering Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
This work used the 3D CFD modeling to investigate non-uniform deactivation in packed bed reactors of low aspect ratios under steady state and dynamic operations. In order to explore the effects of condition of instability on local deactivation, detailed knowledge of flow dynamics (i.e. local structure of the packed bed, pressure drops and interstitial flow in the void space), heat and mass rate ...
Rheological Behaviour of Single–Phase Non-Newtonian Polymer Solution in Complex Pore Geometry: A Simulation Approach
P. Idahosa, G. Oluyemi, R. Prabhu, B. Oyeneyin
IDEAS Research Institute/School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
School of Engineering, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
One of the most important criteria for evaluating chemical enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes that use polymers is its rheological behaviour which in turn account for other physical effects of adsorption and resistance factors during polymer-rock interactions. However, complete knowledge of behaviour of polymer solution in porous media has not yet been fully gained. A computational fluid ...
S. Mahajani, S. Srikantiah, G. Samdani, A. Ganesh, P. Aghalayam
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a two ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
Modelling and Simulation of Single Phase Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Packed Beds using COMSOL Multiphysics
S. Sachdev, S. Pareek, B. Mahadevan, A. Deshpande
Department of Chemical Engineering, BITS Pilani Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa, India
Computational fluid dynamics has emerged as an advanced tool for studying detailed behavior of fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in many chemical engineering applications like packed beds. Packed beds play an important role in various chemical industries. Hence understanding the fluid flow behavior and temperature variation in different sections of packed bed is essential. Geometric ...
Bruno Chinè , Valerio Mussi , Michele Monno , Andrea Rossi ,
 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Costa Rica Institute of Technology, Cartago, Costa Rica
 Macchine Utensili e Sistemi di Produzione, Piacenza, Italy
 Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy
Metal foams are interesting materials with many potential applications. Foamed metals or alloys include gas voids in the material structure and therefore the density is introduced as a new variable, with the real possibility to modify ad hoc their physical properties. In the indirect foaming process carried out in a furnace, simultaneous mass, momentum and energy transfer between three phases, ...
I. Borsi and A. Fasano
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università di Firenze, Firenze, Italy
In this paper we present a model to describe the process of waste water filtration based on hollow-fibre membrane filters. In particular, we deal with membranes whose pores diameter is in the range 0.01-0.1 µm. The main problem in these filtering systems is the membrane fouling. The mathematical model consists in two equations for the Darcy's flow through the filter, coupled with an ...
Simulation of the Convective Heat Transfer and Working Temperature Field of a Photovoltaic Module Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
E. Ruiz-Reina and M. Sidrach-de-Cardona
Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
The aim of this work is the Finite Element Analysis (FEA), by using COMSOL Multiphysics®, of the convective heat transfer and working temperature field of a photovoltaic module under different wind conditions.