Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

3D Modeling of All-Superconducting Synchronous Electric Machine by Finite Element Method

D. Hu[1], M. Ainslie[1], J. Zou[1], D. Cardwell[1]
[1]Bulk Superconductivity Group, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

This paper presents the electromagnetic analysis of an all-superconducting synchronous electric machine, focusing on AC loss calculations in high temperature superconducting (HTS) coils. The numerical analyses of two 3D models are shown, including the model of the machine and its HTS stator coils. The models use the H-formulation based on a B-dependent critical current density and a bulk ...

Pros and Cons of Running COMSOL Multiphysics® Touch-Sensor Simulations on Amazon Web Services™

A. Gourevitch[1]
[1]Cypress Semiconductor Corp., San Jose, CA, USA

We report an implementation of parallel computing on Amazon Web Services™ (AWS) for touch-sensor modeling. COMSOL Multiphysics® was used to simulate an electromagnetic field distribution in a capacitive sensor assembly. Multiple COMSOL jobs were deployed on separate AWS instances and were executed in parallel. The simulation results indicate that implementation of parallel computing for COMSOL ...

Evaluation of Instability of a Low-salinity Density-dependent Flow in a Porous Medium

Y. T. Habtemichael[1], R. T. Kiflemariam[2], H. R. Fuentes[1]
[1]Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
[2]Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA

Seawater intrusion into coastal aquifers is usually modeled by using transport models that include account for the effect of variable-density on flow. Variable-density models can be validated with the Henry and Elder benchmark problems. However, when mixed convective flow is simulated under variable density conditions, it is susceptible to physical and numerical instabilities. The purpose of this ...

Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Ammonia Removal From Water by a Liquid-Liquid Membrane Contactor Under a Closed Loop Regime

E. Licon[1], S. Casas[1], A. Alcaraz[1], J.L. Cortina[1], C. Valderrama[1]
[1]Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain

Ammonia separation from water by membrane contactor was simulated on transient state and compared with experimental data. Aqueous low concentrated solution of ammonium with high pH has been pumped inside the hydrophobic hollow fibers, acid solution in the outside part. The system is in closed loop configuration. In order to simulate the separation process, equations were developed considering ...

Dynamic Characterization and Mechanical Simulation of Cantilevers for Electromechanical Vibration Energy Harvesting

N. Alcheick[1], H. Nesser[1], H. Debeda[1], C. Ayela[1], I. Dufour [1]
[1]Univ. Bordeaux, IMS Lab, Pessac, France

Energy harvesting from ambient vibrations has become an interesting topic for powering wireless sensor networks. Resonant microdevices based on MEMS have become of central importance at low frequency. The power produced at resonance is at least one order of magnitude larger than off frequency power since the largest strain is obtained at resonance. In order to obtain large strain for efficient ...

Simulation of MEMS based Flexible Flow Sensor for Biomedical Application

D. Maji[1], C. P. Ravikumar[2], and S. Das[1]
[1]School of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India
[2]Texas Instruments (India) Pvt. Ltd., Bangalore, India

Arterial disease, especially Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of premature morbidity and mortality. During the flow, blood interacts with vessel wall mechanically and chemically which modulates the plaque formation in blood vessel leading to coronary artery diseases. Here we propose to simulate a MEMS based flexible flow sensor based on anemometer principle designed to ...

Numerical Demonstration of Finite Element Convergence for Lagrange Elements in COMSOL Multiphysics

M. Gobbert, and S. Yang
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, USA

The convergence order of finite elements is related to the polynomial order of the basis functions used on each element, with higher order polynomials yielding better convergence orders. However, two issues can prevent this convergence order from being achieved: the lack of regularity of the PDE solution and the poor approximation of curved boundaries by polygonal meshes. We show studies for ...

Modeling Linear Viscoelasticity in Glassy Polymers using Standard Rheological Models

M. Haghighi-Yazdi, and P. Lee-Sullivan
University of Waterloo
Waterloo, ON
Canada

In this study, a capability has been developed for modeling the linear viscoelastic behaviour of a glassy polymer using COMSOL Multiphysics®. The two rheological models by Maxwell and Kelvin-Voigt were used for modeling stress relaxation and creep loading behavior, respectively, of a typical gas pipe under two modes of plane stress and plane strain. An advantage of the developed model is its ...

COMSOL-Based Nuclear Reactor Kinetics Studies at the HFIR

D. Chandler[1], J. Freels[2], R. Primm III[3], and G. Maldonado[1]
[1]Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
[2]Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
[3]Primm Consulting, LLC., Knoxville, TN

The computational ability to accurately predict the dynamic behavior of a nuclear reactor core in response to reactivity-induced perturbations is an important subject in reactor physics. Space-time and point kinetics methodologies were developed for the purpose of studying the transient-induced behavior of the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s (HFIR) compact core. The space-time simulations employed ...

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