G. Demésy, F. Zolla, A. Nicolet, and M. Commandré
Institut Fresnel, Université Aix-Marseille III, École Centrale de Marseille, France
We demonstrate the accuracy of the Finite Element Method (FEM) to characterize an arbitrarily shaped crossed-grating in a multilayered stack illuminated by an arbitrarily polarized plane wave under oblique incidence. To our knowledge, this is the first time that 3D diffraction efficiencies are calculated using the FEM. The method has been validated using classical cases found in the literature. ...
A. Di Carlo, V. Sansalone, A. Tatone, and V. Varano
Modelling and Simulation Lab, Università Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Laboratoire de Mécanique Physique, Université Paris Est, Paris, France
DISAT, Università degli Studi dell’Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy
We present a mechanical model a growing spherical shell suitable for predicting the evolution of a Saccular Cerebral Artery Aneurysms (SCAA). It relies basically on the Kröner-Lee decomposition, used to describe the interplay between the current and the relaxed configuration of body elements. Rupture or stabilization of a SCAA are the end effect of a number of biological mechanisms, still poorly ...
S. Carcangiu, A. Fanni, and A. Montisci
Department of Electric and Electronic Engineering
University of Cagliari
In this work an innovative wind power generation in urban areas is proposed. The generation system substitutes the roof of the building and it consists of a static part, the stator, and a moving part, called impeller, which is a centripetal turbine with vertical axis of rotation. Since the objective is to conveying the air flow in the stator, the logarithmic spiral has been chosen as the shape ...
R. Coker, J. Mansell
NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA
We have started constructing preliminary design COMSOL models of a bacteriologically driven \'fuel cell\' that is intended to process waste products, such as carbon dioxide and brine, from a crewed vehicle. At this early stage, this complex system is reduced to two electrodes separated by a membrane. The electrolyte is a brine appropriate for growing methanogenic bateria, though none are ...
R.E. Tosh, H. Chen-Mayer
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA
The technique of water calorimetry for primary-standard dosimetry of radiotherapy-level ionizing radiation is well established at national metrology institutes around the world, where such a direct realization of absorbed dose establishes the basis for calibrating instruments used for dosimetry in medical settings. The typical calorimeter system uses miniature thermistor beads to measure ...
S. Arslan, J. Brown
Lawrence Technological University, Southfield, MI, USA
The rapid increase in power densities of integrated circuits has induced a significant interest in new reliable and high heat flux cooling technologies. The implication of such growth is the increased need for more efficient and more compact cooling mechanisms. Promising research has been conducted in the area of MEMS cooling devices, taking advantage of the increased heat transfer ...
Ryota OZAWA et al.
Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan
We have developed optically driven micropumps by manipulating microstructures using optical tweezers. In this study, we proposed and developed a novel manipulation method of a single metallic nanowire. In this method, dynamic optical vortex is used not only for manipulating a metallic nanowire in the focal plane, but also for grasping it along the optical axis. This method will be used for ...
S. Palma , R. Castro , A. Hekmat ,
 Mining Engineering Department, Block Caving Laboratory, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
The block caving mine is considered by the mining industry as one of the natural replacements of the current open cut mines in the near future. The block caving technique is based on the extraction of small broken rocks, created by blasted initially large solid rocks, and the fracture of compact material located in the upper layers because the stress propagation generated by the extraction ...
D. Gasperino 
 Intellectual Ventures Laboratory, Bellevue, WA, USA
Worldwide, the leading cause of mortality in children is acute respiratory infection, primarily associated with pneumonia. One of the essential tools used to treat life-threatening hypoxemia due to pneumonia is the appropriate use of supplemental oxygen. While oxygen therapy is essential for many aspects of case management in hospitals and large clinics, many such health facilities have no ...
Quasi-static Analysis on the Effect of Metal Penetrating Depth into the Substrate in Microstriplines
S. Musa, and M. Sadiku
Prairie View A&M University Networking Academy (PVNA), Prairie View, TX, USA
The effect of metallization thickness on planar transmission lines plays an essential role in microwave integrated circuits and thin film technology, especially in the propagation characterization and the electric field distribution in the structures. The objective of this paper is to consider the planar transmission lines with finite thickness not penetrating and penetrating into isotropic ...