Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Validation of Space Charge Laminar Flow in Diodes

M. Cavenago[1]
[1]INFN-LNL, Legnaro, Padova, Italy

The well known Pierce design of electron and ion diodes is the base of particle source extraction systems [1,2]. It was heavily studied up to 1960 with analog computing and it now offers us a known case against which to compare the precision of fluid and particle tracing codes. The ideal model assumes zero particle kinetic energy at cathode emission, which is well matched in many sources: the ...

Pressure Drop CFD Modeling in Spacer-Filled Channels for TFF Ultrafiltration

Y. Zou[1]
[1]EMD Millipore Corporation, Bedford, MA USA

Membrane-based tangential flow filtration (TFF) cassettes are used for the clarification, concentration and purification of fluid streams containing macromolecules of proteins. In TFF, the protein fluid is pumped tangentially along the surface of the membrane. The feed flow along the length of channel between two membranes causes a pressure drop from the feed to the retentate end of the channel. ...

Parametric Study of Electrolyte-Supported Planar Button Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

A. Aman[1], R. Gentile[1], Y. Xu[1], N. Orlovskaya[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA

Fuel cells are devices that convert chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy through electrochemical processes. One of the types of fuel cell is the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) that uses solid ceramics for electrolytes. Numerical simulation involves constructing a mathematical model of the SOFC and use of specifically designed software programs that allows the user to manipulate the ...

Analysis of RF Characteristics of a Compound Semiconductor Device Integrated with a Wide-Band Antenna for THz Wireless Communications

A. Tashiro[1], M. Nakamura[1], M. Suhara[1]
[1]Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji City, Tokyo, Japan

Use of the terahertz(THz) region, which is unexplored frequency band, is investigated and expected for the next-generation high-speed wireless communication. In this presentation, we propose a monolithic integrated device by using mesa-shaped compound semiconductor and a thin-metal broadband antenna which is capable in THz operation, and we analyze several characteristics of the device by using ...

Numerical and Experimental Study of Water Drop Movement Subjected to an Air Stream in Porous Medium

A. Yekta[1], D. Stemmelen[1], S. Leclerc[1]
[1]LEMTA,UMR 7563 CNRS - Université de Lorraine, 54518 VANDOEUVRE-LES-NANCY France

Considering a liquid drop in relative movement with respect to the air flow at uniform velocity, the liquid will be driven to the surface by the viscous friction. Internal vortices will appear inside the drop. This problem has already been studied in fluid mechanics and is well known as a classic problem. The idea of the present work is to resume the same analysis in a porous medium within a ...

3D Hydrogeological Modeling - From a Theoretical 2D Model through a Medium Scale Application up to a Challenge: Simulations at Basin Scale

E. Cavalli[1], R. Simonetti[1], M. Gorla[1], N. Ceresa[1]
[1]CAP Holding, Milan, Italy

An alluvial aquifer system has probably conceived as a numerical modeling hell. We have chosen COMSOL Multiphysics® for two reasons: 1) FEM methods allow to use complex geometries; 2) multiphysics simulation permits to run a single model with all phenomena. We built a section with these physics: a) Darcy's law, b) Richards' equation, c) ALE to show surface deformation, d) Hydrogeologcal ...

Optimal Design of Flow Distributors for Detecting Blocked Microreactors

Osamu TONOMURA[1]
[1]Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan

When the production capacity of micro chemical plants is increased by numbering-up approach, it is important to realize the uniform flow distribution among the parallelized microreactors. In addition, a blocked microreactor needs to be identified as early as possible to achieve the stable long-term operation of micro chemical plants. In this research, a system that can detect a blocked reactor by ...

Analysis of Temperature Distribution in a Magnetite Catalyst Bed under Microwave Irradiation using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Dai MOCHIZUKI et al.[1]

Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan[1]

Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene with a magnetite catalyst has been performed with a fixed bed flow type reactor under microwave irradiation. Microwave heating showed a temperature gradient in the catalyst bed. We analyzed an electromagnetic field and heat transfer in the microwave cavity using COMSOL Multiphysics to visualize the temperature distribution in the catalyst bed.

Analysis of Optical Manipulation of a Metallic Nanowire using COMSOL Multiphysics®

Ryota OZAWA et al.[1]

[1]Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

We have developed optically driven micropumps by manipulating microstructures using optical tweezers. In this study, we proposed and developed a novel manipulation method of a single metallic nanowire. In this method, dynamic optical vortex is used not only for manipulating a metallic nanowire in the focal plane, but also for grasping it along the optical axis. This method will be used for ...

Updated Results of Singlet Oxygen Modeling Incorporating Local Vascular Diffusion for PDT - new

R. Penjweini[1], M. M. Kim[1], T. C. Zhu[1]
[1]Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the ...

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