Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

3-D Finite Element Modeling of Breathing Mode for Dry-Type Air-Core Reactors

L. Verbruggen1, J. Kotiniitty2, and M. Lehtonen1
1Power Systems and High Voltage Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland
2Nokian Capacitors Ltd., Tampere, Finland

A crucial factor concerning modern reactors is a combination of laws and electro-technical rules defining appropriate produced sound levels. Currently, it is an important issue to reduce noise in order to fulfill all sound requirements. Noise results from reactor vibrations due to sinusoidal currents flowing through the reactor. The flowing currents induce electromagnetic fields which generate ...

Modeling Nanoscale Heat Flow

S. Palaich, and B. Daly
Physics and Astronomy Department, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA

When the dimensions of the material approach is a comparable size to the phonon mean free path, heat flow enters a new regime, the nanoscale. The Fourier and Cattaneo Equations describe bulk heat flow well, but radiative boundary terms must be considered when modeling nanoscale heat flow. We take these equations and input them into COMSOL with the hope of eventually linking nanoscale and bulk ...

Finite Element Analysis of Ferrofluid Cooling of Heat Generating Devices

T. Strek
Institute of Applied Mechanics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznan, Poland

An external magnetic field imposed on a ferrofluid with a temperature gradient, results in a non-uniform magnetic body force, which leads to a form of heat transfer called thermomagnetic convection. A magnet placed near the device will always attract the colder ferrofluid more than warmer. Viscous, two-dimensional, laminar and incompressible ferromagnetic fluid flow, under the influence of a ...

Non-Isothermal Kinetics of Water Adsorption in Compact Adsorbent Layers on a Metal Support

G. Füldner, and L. Schnabel
Fraunhofer Institute of Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg, Germany

Water adsorption in highly porous materials can be used in heat transformation processes for the efficient use of energy in heat and cold production. One technology for such a thermal heat transformation is the use of water adsorption in highly porous adsorbents like zeolite. To optimize the power density of compact thin layer adsorbent beds, a one-dimensional model of the coupled heat and mass ...

Modelling the Thermal Impact of a Repository for High-Level Radioactive Waste in a Clay Host Formation

X. Sillen
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre (SCK-CEN), Waste & Disposal Department, Mol, Belgium

Disposal in deep clay geological formations is one of the promising options for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. Yet, they can generate considerable amounts of heat as a side effect of radioactive decay. This paper shows how COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to evaluate the physical impacts of the heating on the geological media around a deep disposal system. The software was found ...

Validation of Measurement Strategies and Anisotropic Models Used in Electrical Reconstructions

R. Sadleir
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA

We are developing approximations of electrically anisotropic materials for use in novel imaging methods. Our modeling work in COMSOL comprises comparisons of anisotropic and layered models in terms of electrical conductivities measured using different strategies. We tested solution stability in one anisotropic case by varying mesh anisotropy. In our case, good approximations to the true ...

Electric Field Distributions and Energy Transfer in Waveguide-Based Axial-Type Microwave Plasma Source

H. Nowakowska[1], M. Jasínski[1], and J. Mizeraczyk[1,2]
[1]The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Polish Academy of Sciences, Gdansk, Poland
[2]Dept. of Marine Electronics, Gdynia Maritime University, Gdynia, Poland

In this paper, we examine changes of the electric field distributions in waveguide-based axial-type microwave plasma source (MPS) during tuning procedure. The distributions strongly depend on position of the movable short, so does the wave reflection coefficient of the incident wave. A method of determining tuning characteristics of the MPS consisting in treating the MPS as a two-port network, ...

Investigating the Use of a Piezoelectric Actuator for the Appendages of a Microrobot

J. Clark, and J. Clark
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA

We investigate the use of a piezoelectric actuator for the appendages of a microrobot. Possible uses may include micro assembly, mobile surveillance, etc. What is different about this microrobot is that it uses 2 degrees of freedom, low powered piezoelectric flexures, while attempting to mimic the maneuverability of an ant-like insect. In the paper, we use COMSOL to characterize this type of ...

Modeling Joule Heating Effect on Lunar O2 Generation via Electrolytic Reduction

J. Dominguez[1], S. Poizeau[2], and L. Sibille[1]

[1]ASRC Aerospace Corporation, Kennedy Space Center, Fl, USA
[2]Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Kennedy Space Center is leading research work on lunar O2 generation via electrolytic reduction of regolith. The metal oxide present in regolith is dissociated into oxygen anions and metal cations leading to the generation of gaseous oxygen at the anode and liquid metal at the cathode. The authors have developed a 3D model using a rigorous approach to not only study the effect of Joule heating on ...

Transient Conjugate Optical-thermal Fields in Thin Films Irradiated by Moving Sources: A Comparison between Back and Front Treatment

N. Bianco[1], O. Manca[2], and D. Ricci[2]
[1]Dipartimento di Energetica, Termofluidodinamica applicata e Condizionamenti ambientali, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica, Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli, Aversa (CE), Italy

A two dimensional instationary analysis of the conjugate optical-thermal fields induced in a multilayer thin film structure on a glass substrate by a moving Gaussian laser source is carried out numerically in order to compare back and front laser treatment processes. COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4 code has been adopted to solve the combined thermal and electromagnetic problem in order to compare the two ...

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