High Coupling Factor Piezoelectric Materials for Bending Actuators: Analytical and Finite Elements Modeling Results
I.A. Ivan, M. Rakotondrabe, and N. Chaillet
FEMTO-ST Institute, University of Franche-Comte, Besançon, France
New giant piezoelectric factor materials such as PMN-PT and PZN-PT were researched during the last decade and are actually becoming commercially available. As they seem very attractive for actuator designs, we studied their potential in replacing PZT ceramics. In a first comparative approach, we tested a series of classic rectangular composite bimorph structures of different combinations of ...
A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, S.I. Bozhevolnyi, and M. Willatzen
Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark
Institute of Sensors, Signals and Electrotechnics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
The use of plasmonic effects to dramatically enhance the electromagnetic field near the surface of a metallic nanostructured surface has grown into a large research area in the effort to take advantage of the surface enhanced field. In this paper the electromagnetic field near a nano-sized truncated spherical cavity embedded in a gold substrate is investigated and modeled in 3D with COMSOL ...
B. Hari and C. Theodoropoulos
The University of Manchester, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Manchester, UK
Microreactors are important alternative to conventional reactors in chemistry, chemical, pharmaceutical and semiconductor industries due to their operation characteristics such as increased mass and heat transfer, uniform flow, safety, high throughput through array configurations, smaller plant size and lower cost of production. Models for such reactors need to be able to describe both the ...
Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, and Timothy C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Singlet oxygen (1O2) is the major cytotoxic agent during type-II photodynamic therapy (PDT). The production of 1O2involves the complex reactions among cancer agent, oxygen molecule, and treatment laser light. The light propagation in tumor tissue is described by the diffusion equation. In this work, an optimization routine is developed to fit the [1O2]rx profile to the simulated necrosis ...
A. El-Deib, F. Dawson, S. Bhosle, D. Buso, and G. Zissis
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
LAPLACE-University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
This work uses COMSOL to simulate the Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) lamp coupled to the external electrical circuit. The coupled system is modeled to capture the effect of the electrical parasitic elements on the efficiency of the DBD which is more realistic as compared to previous trials which assumed that a perfect voltage source is applied to lamp terminals. The obtained results ...
M. Pavelchak, J. Urcinas, and T. Merrill
Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA
This paper describes the use of structural mechanics capabilities within COMSOL to explore new cooling catheter designs. Cooling catheters may be used to save ischemic tissue resulting from strokes or heart attacks. Typical guide catheters use metallic braiding to ensure torsional strength. Braiding, however, displaces space for flows and limits design options. To explore alternatives to ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Markus Zahn received all his education at MIT, was a professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Florida, Gainesville from 1970-1980, and then joined the MIT Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science faculty in 1980. He works in the Laboratory for Eelectromagnetic and Eelectronic Systems, in the MIT High Voltage Research Laboratory, is the Director ...
S. Barth, and S. Zimmermann
Drägerwerk AG & Co. KGaA, Lübeck, Germany
Ion mobility spectrometry provides fast detection of very low concentrations of chemical substances. Simple instrumentation combined with high sensitivity and high selectivity are the advantages of this technique. One well established field of application is the detection of hazardous compounds in air, such as chemical warfare agents, explosives and pollutants. A numerical model based on finite ...
T. Chen, and P.G. Ifju
University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA
This paper describes using thermal-structural interaction to model the shrinkage behavior in cement paste under drying. An inverse method of combining the finite element analysis and the least-squares method is implemented to fit experimentally determined shrinkage in order to obtain material properties from the complex geometry used in the tests. The finite element model is created using COMSOL ...
A. Dutta, P. Goyal, R.K. Singh, and K.K. Vaze
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Cross-flow around a group of cylinders is a very common phenomenon in engineering, such as flow around heat exchanger tube arrays. The cross-flow-induced vibration might cause a reduction of equipment life and might even lead to the occurrence of severe accidents. Hence, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of flow-induced vibration and the associated fluid–structure interaction in order ...