C. Wang, Y. Song, Y. Parikh, and J.H. Yang
Department of Mechanical & Materials Science Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study, we focused on a three dimensional EBFC chip with highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by carbon-micro-electro-mechanical-system (C-MEMS) techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for the ...
Numerical and Experimental Study of Flow, Heat Transfer and Concentration in a Scaled-up Fuel Cell Anode Channel Model
J. C. Torchia-Nüñez, and J.G. Cervantes-de-Gortari
Department of Thermal Engineering, National University of Mexico, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico
Flow, concentration and temperature fields are studied with numerical and experimental methods inside a scaled-up fuel cell anode channel model. The low aspect ratio channel has a porous medium as the inferior wall where a mixing of different pH solutions occurs. Chromatic change of phenolphthalein is used to visualize concentration field and Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize ...
Hemodynamic Therapy of Middle Cerebral Artery Vasospasm Guided by a Multiphase Model of Oxygen Transport
S. Conrad[1,2], P. Chittiboina, and B. Guthikonda
Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA, USA
Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport, LA, USA
Cerebral vasospasm is a complication of subarachnoid hemorrhage and other neurosurgical emergencies that reduce blood flow to the brain. Part of the approach to management of vasospasm is to improve flow through the stenotic areas by reducing by decreasing blood viscosity and enhancing flow through the stenosis. To examine the interaction of these factors, we applied computational fluid ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...
Two-Dimensional Thermal Hydraulic Analysis and Benchmark in Support of HFIR LEU Conversion using COMSOL
J. D. Freels, I. T. Bodey, R. V. Arimilli, K. T. Lowe
: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
: University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
: Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, West Mifflin, PA
The research documented herein was funded by a research contract between the Research Reactors Division (RRD) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Department (MABE). The research was governed by a statement of work (SOW) which clearly defines nine specific tasks. This report is outlined to ...
R. Sadleir, A. Minhas, and E.J. Woo
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
In an earlier work we developed a finite element bidomain model of an aplysia abdominal ganglion in order to estimate the sensitivity of this contrast mechanism to changes in cell membrane conductance occurring during a gill-withdrawal reflex. We used our model to determine both current density and magnetic potential distributions within a sample chamber containing an isolated ganglion when it ...
J. Maneerote, and P.S. Takhar
International Center for Food Industry Excellence Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
Microscale comprised of the scale of food biopolymers at which biochemical reactions and textural changes take place, and the macroscale was the scale of interaction of polymers with surrounding water, vapor and oil phases. Numerous novel equations such as generalized Darcy’s law based fluid transport equations for various phases; near-equilibrium equation governing phase change from liquid ...
J. Berges, B. Barelaud, I. Niort, and J.L. Decossas
XLIM, Limoges, France
Université de Limoges, France
We propose the study of an electronic sensor allowing the collection of sprays in free space. The detector consists of three elements: a photodiode situated in the center of the structure to which is applied a bias voltage, an aluminum ring which referenced to a voltage higher than that of the photodiode and an insulating material disk (polyvinyl chloride). The total size of the structure is ...
G. Maizza, R. Cagliero, and A. Santoro
Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy
Powder metallurgy is a key technology for manufacturing advanced components based on TiAl alloys. Cold compaction is the primary step to produce green parts. Cold deformation of TiAl powder is difficult due to its typical poor ductility. Plastic deformation and cracking susceptibility of TiAl powder strongly depends on micro-mechanical phenomena. To manage real compaction problems more reliable ...
C. Belavý, and G. Hulkó, and K. Ondrejkovic, and D. Šišmišová
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Bratislava, Slovakia
This paper presents a finite element method based modeling and design of control for distributed parameter systems. First, models of distributed parameter systems in the form of lumped-input/distributed-output systems and structure of control loop are introduced. Next, modeling of temperature fields of the casting die as distributed parameter systems in preheating process is performed in COMSOL ...