INFN/LNL, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro, Italy
Many scientific instruments are based on high vacuum equipment with a gas pressure maintained in the order of 1 Pa or below. The gas flow in the low pressure limit, called the molecular flow regime, is a case of transport with zero viscosity. The ability to solve an integral equation on the boundary with finite elements methods allows us to find the gas densities and flows in the ...
A. Nyman, M. Behm, and G. Lindbergh
Applied Electrochemistry, School of Chemical Science and Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm, Sweden
Modeling of mass transport is an important step in evaluating lithium-ion battery electrolytes and understanding cell performance. For high-power applications, concentration gradients in the electrolyte lead to limiting currents, which limit the power-density of the battery. The model has been used for determining a complete set of transport and thermodynamic properties for LiPF6 dissolved in an ...
Department of Chemistry, University of Firenze, Sesto Fiorentino, FI, Italy
Microelectrodes demonstrate that modeling is crucial for understanding the behavior of complex electrochemical systems. The use of the finite element methods in electrochemistry may be of much more general interest for its ability to handle complex geometries. In this context a software such as COMSOL Multiphysics® allows a straightforward way to the set up models including coupling of ...
B. Bozzini, S. Maci, I. Sgura, R. Lo Presti, and E. Simonetti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Innovazione, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
Dipartimento di Matematica, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy
ENEA Casaccia, Dipartimento TER, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Roma, Italy
This paper describes the numerical modeling of a key material-stability issue within the realm of Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells (MCFC). The model describes the morphological and attending electrocatalytic evolution of porous NiO electrodes and is apt to predict electrochemical observables that can be recorded during Fuel Cell operation. The model has been validated with original experimental data ...
A Numerical Study for Rubber Particles Collection Involved in New Thermoforming Composite Process Using COMSOL Multiphysics®
R. Carbone, V. Antonelli, A. Langella, and R. Marissen
Material and Production Engineering Department, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
Institute of Lightweight Structures, Technische Universität München, München, Germany
Design and Production of Composite Structure, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
This paper deal of the forming process applied to the thermoplastic composites. A new thermoforming process that uses rubber particles collection as flexible mould was presented and numerically modeled. A characterization of the rubber in particles form was previously performed to value the material parameters in the user-defined hyperelastic constitutive laws employed in the FEM (Finite Element ...
Dynamic Observation of Magnetic Particles in Continuous Flow Devices by Tunneling Magnetoresistance Sensors
A. Weddemann, A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, C. Albon, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, Thin Films and Physics of Nanostructures, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
Dynamic measurement of magnetic particles in continuous flow devices is made very difficult by the limitations imposed by the sensors themselves. Thus, certain sensor layouts are restricted to either number sensitive or spatial resolutive measurements of magnetic particles. We investigate different new strategies to increase the detection threshold and introduce designs accomplishing both: ...
J.C. Boulware, and S. Jensen
Space Dynamics Laboratory, North Logan, UT, USA
Using COMSOL Multiphysics, studies were performed showing that thermomagnetic siphoning (TMS) is a sufficient manner of regulating the temperature of a bundle of current-carrying wires wrapped with a magnetorheological fluid (MRF) jacket. Because of Curie’s Law, the cooler MRF on the outside of the jacket is drawn towards the wires due to the induced magnetic field. The process continually ...
American Bureau of Shipping, Tripoli, Libya
This paper illustrates how to set up and solve a two-dimensional flow problem having dimensions of 640 x 320 micro-meter using the Navier-Stokes equations with the help of COMSOL Multiphysics solver. The principle of our pore-scale modeling approach is composed of two steps. The first step involves the detailed identification and specification of the porous medium morphology, this step was ...
Machine Design, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Electrical contacts consists of parts where the surfaces are in contact and where the actual physical contact occur just in a few contact asperity points scattered over the whole apparent contact area. Through these contact spots between the two mating bodies the mechanical load and the electric current is transmitted. Often a soft coating is used to enlarge the real contact area. Modeling the ...
Z. Fang[1,2], R. O'Handley, Y. Liu, and M. Yang[2,3]
Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
Ferro Solutions Inc., Woburn, MA, USA
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Here we investigate a promising passive cooling method through making advantage of the unique properties of ferrofluid. When a magnetic dipole or a permanent magnet is put at the hot side of a system, it will attract the cold ferrofluid to the hot place and displace the hot ferrofluid since cold ferrofluid below Tc has much stronger magnetization than that of hot ferrofluid above Tc. Then the ...