Improving Detection Sensitivity for Nanoscale Targets Through Combined Photonic and Plasmonic Techniques
G. Zhang, Y. Zhao
Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
Photonic technique such as the whispering gallery mode (WGM) is often used for detection of small particles like bacteria and viruses. It offers good detection sensitivity and is advantageous over other detection techniques because the detection can be label free. However, the detection sensitivity may not be sufficient when the size of the detection target is in nanoscale. To change this, we ...
B. R. Sangala, H. Surdi, P. Deshmukh, A. V. Gopal, S. S. Prabhu, G. Rana
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Terahertz radiation (THz) is defined to have frequencies from 0.1-10 THz (1 THz=1e12 Hz). This radiation lies between microwave and infrared radiations in the electromagnetic spectrum. Metamaterials are designed periodic materials that show exotic properties to light and sound. Metamaterials are good candidates for manipulating THz because natural materials have a weak response to it. Several ...
Simulation of Optical Properties of the Si/SiO2/Al Interface at the Rear of Industrially Fabricated Si Solar Cells
Y. Yang, and P. Altermatt[1,2]
Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH), Emmerthal, Germany
Dep. Solar Energy Research, Inst. Solid-State Physics, Leibniz University of Hanover, Germany
The specular and diffuse reflection properties of sunlight at the rear surface of silicon solar cells with various degrees of roughness are computed by solving the Maxwell and material equations in two dimensions, using the COMSOL RF Module. The model is tested on planar Si/SiO2/air interfaces and planar Si/SiO2/Al interfaces. The simulations show that for wavelengths of 800 nm, (i) maximum ...
Optimized Illumination Directions of Single-Photon Detectors Integrated with Different Plasmonic Structures
M. Csete, Á. Sipos, A. Szalai, G. Szabó
Department of Optics and Quantum Electronics, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary
The optimal orientations of different single-photon detector designs were determined by COMSOL software package. Absorption of niobium-nitride (NbN) stripes in two different (p=220 nm, 3p=660 nm) periodic patterns integrated with plasmonic elements was studied. In OC-SNSPDs consisting of ~quarter-photon-wavelength nano-cavity the optimum direction is perpendicular incidence onto NbN stripes in P ...
Determination of the Optical Properties of Individual Gold Nanorods through Numerical Modeling and Experiment
Y. Davletshin, J.C. Kumaradas
Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada
The optical scattering and absorption of gold nanorods (GNRs) depends on its size, shape, and surroundings. This dependence is due to both intrinsic and extrinsic effects. A good understanding of this dependence is needed for applications of GNRs in photo-thermal therapy, optical and opto-acoustic imaging, biosensing, and other photonic areas. Extrinsic effects are caused by the production of ...
Calculating and Observing Opto-Mechanically Induced Surface Acoustic Waves in a Silica Whispering Gallery Microresonator
Photonics Research Center
United States Military Academy
West Point, NY
Here we calculate opto-mechanically induced Surface Acoustic Waves upon a silica microresonator using COMSOL. Using conservation of momentum, we show both analytically and numerically that the photonphonon interaction within the resonator cavity causes a moving train of electrodes - a virtual grating of matter density – that displace material in different directions and magnitudes. This hyper ...
P. Ding （丁佩） ,
 Department of Mathematics and Physics, Zhengzhou Institute of Aeronautical Industry Management, Zhengzhou, Henan, China
Plasmonic metallic nanostructures have been demonstrated an effective way to enhance the light emission efficiency in LEDs. Here, we propose a design of white LEDs that combining dielectric silicon nanopillar array in the color-converting layer. By investigating theoretically the guided mode caused by the nanopillar array-waveguide system, we demonstrate that the silicon nanopillar arrays enable ...
L. Bergamini , O. Muskens , N. Zabala , J. Aizpurua 
 UPV/EHU, Bilbao, Spain; Materials Physics Center and CSIC-UPV/EHU, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain; Donostia International Physics Center, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
 University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
 Materials Physics Center and CSIC-UPV/EHU, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain; Donostia International Physics Center, Donostia-San Sebastian, Spain
It is well-known that metal nanoparticles (NPs) excited at the plasmon frequency not only exhibit peculiar optical properties (e.g., a peak in the extinction spectrum, an enhanced electromagnetic near-filed) but also heat up . This phenomenon is highly investigated for medical applications, but it can be exploited also for the realization of optical devices. In our study we use COMSOL ...
H. Weng , Y. Yang , B. Liu , X. Ma 
 Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China
In the past decades, equilateral polygonal microcavity lasers with whispering-gallery modes (WGMs) have attracted great attentions due to their potential application in photonic-integrated circuits. Compared to the perfect microdisk without deformation, the polygonal microcavities such as triangle, square, hexagonal and octagonal can easily realize the light directional emission and single mode ...
P. Cendula , J. O. Schumacher ,
 Institute of Computational Physics, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Winterthur, Switzerland
A photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell uses solar energy to split water to hydrogen and oxygen in single integrated device. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy is a suitable tool to characterize recombination and reaction mechanisms in PEC cell. Full numerical drift-diffusion calculations of the electrochemical impedance were conducted. The linear dependence of abscissa (real part) in Nyquist ...