Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

A Finite Element Test of the 2002-2003 Etna Eruption

F. Pulvirenti[1][2], M. Aloisi[1], G. De Guidi[2], M. Mattia[1], and C. Monaco[2]
[1]Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
[2]Dipartimento di Scienze Geologiche, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy

Structural, morphological and ground deformation studies suggest that the eastern flank of Mt. Etna (eastern Sicily) is spreading seaward. Three contrasting models have been proposed: deep-seated spreading, shallow sliding and tectonic block movements. In order to better understand the kinematics of instability processes on eastern flank of Mt. Etna, a numerical simulation has been applied to a ...

Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithm Optimization using COMSOL Multiphysics®: Applications to the Analysis of Ground Deformation in Active Volcanic Areas

A. Manconi[1], P. Tizzani[1][2], G. Zeni[1], S. Pepe[1], and G. Solaro[1][2]
[1]IREA, CNR, Napoli, Italy
[2]INGV, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Napoli, Italy

We combine the potentiality of COMSOL with Monte Carlo optimization procedures, referred to as Simulated Annealing and Genetic Algorithm, in order to analyze and interpret ground deformation measured in active volcanic areas. Through MATLAB® subroutines, we use FE (Finite Element) models that include complexities like topography, vertical and lateral heterogeneities and time-dependent ...

Magnetotelluric Response Distortion Over Rugged Topography

D. Rizzello[1], P. Canepa[1], E. Armadillo[1]
[1]DISTAV - University of Genova, Genova, Italy

Topographic effects on magnetotelluric responses may be severe on rugged terrains. Finite elements simulation is a valuable tool to quantify this effect, due to its capability to match real morphologies. To do the estimate of the distortion, the AC/DC Module of COMSOL has been employed, using a model of homogeneous resistivity on which a DEM (Digital Elevation Model) profile of the Deep Freeze ...

Relevance of Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical Processes Involved in the Construction and Operation of Copper Heap Leach Pads

M. Tincopa[1], A. Nardi[2], G. Roman-Ross[2] , J. Molinero[2]
[1]Technic University of Catalonia (UPC), Barcelona, Spain
[2]Amphos 21 Consulting, Barcelona, Spain

Heap leaching in the mining industry had become a sophisticated practice at least 500 years ago. It is a mineral processing technology whereby piles of crushed Run-of–Mine rock are leached with chemical solutions to extract minerals. The goal of this work is to contribute to the understanding of the behavior of a heap leach pad by using coupled Hydro-Mechanical-Chemical simulations. COMSOL ...

Stability of an Underground Limestone Mine

R. Haemers[1], F. Broekkamp[1], H. van Halewijn[1]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

The hills of South-Limburg, the Netherlands, are crisscrossed with underground limestone mines. These "caves" are not equally stable, and can be dangerous. With COMSOL Multiphysics® a stability assessment has been made. The first study examines the full stress and displacement profile without excavation. In a second study the domains of the corridors are excluded, to represent the excavation ...

A Semplified Model for the Evolution of a Geothermal Field

L. Meacci[1], A. Farina[1], F. Rosso[1], I. Borsi[1], M. Ceseri[1], and A. Speranza[1]

[1]Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

The problem is to understand how a geothermal field can evolve from a water dominated state into a vapor dominated one. A first answer to this question is given by a simplified mathematical model of the dynamics of a geothermal field in which the geothermal fluid is entirely composed by pure H2O. We considered a 1-D geometry and we developed a dynamic model that presents a clear interface ...

Safe Storage Parameters During CO2 Injection Using Coupled Reservoir-Geomechanical Analysis

T.I. Bjørnarå[1], E. Aker[1], and E. Skurtveit[1]
[1]NGI, Oslo, Norway

Safe short term storage of CO2 depends mainly on structural and solubility trapping. On longer term, mineral trapping is also contributing to the trapping of CO2. To be able to investigate the importance of these different storage mechanisms, a finite element model for simulation of CO2 injection has been developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The model describes and solves for two-phase flow ...

Assessment of Spatial Variably Saturated Flow by Irrigation Moisture Sensors in 2-Dimensions using the COMSOL Multiphysics 4.1

A. Boluwade, and C. A. Madramootoo
Bioresources Engineering, McGill University
Ste. Anne De Bellevue, QC

This paper reports on the application of COMSOL Multiphysics’ Richard\'s Equation Interface in the assessment of irrigation moisture sensors for detecting the level of water saturation in a spatial variably saturated soil. The Richard\'s Equation (in COMSOL) provides the interface which automates the van Genuchten equation. A hypothetical soil column 4m by 4m was set up with seven irrigation ...

Use of COMSOL as an Educational Tool Through its Application to Ground Water Pollution

A. Modaressi-Farahmand-Razavi[1]
[1]MSS-Mat Laboratory, CNRS, Ecole Centrale Paris, Châtenay Malabry, France

Ensuring the quality of underground water and controlling its quantity is of major concern for the population. Therefore, this subject attracts many students from different specialties at different levels of their curriculum. In fact, the pedagogic objectives of the course may be different according to the level or/and interest of the students and COMSOL is used due to its versatility. In this ...

Finite-Element Evaluation of Thermal Response Tests Performed on U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchangers

E. Zanchini, and T. Terlizzese
[1]Dipartimento di Ingegneria Energetica, Nucleare e del Controllo Ambientale, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy

The results of two thermal response tests recently performed on two vertical borehole heat exchangers (BHEs) are presented. The BHEs have the same cross section and a depth of 100 m and 120 m respectively. The evaluation of the thermal properties of the ground and grout are performed by a finite-element simulation method, developed through the software package COMSOL Multiphysics 3.4.