Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modelling of the Wool Textile Finishing Processes

M. Giansetti[1], A. Pezzin[1], S. Sicardi[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Within wool textile industries, a very important role is played by the so-called finishing processes, in which the textile substrate undergoes steam treatments to achieve the desired level of stabilisation and appearance. Process parameters, namely temperature and moisture content, are known only at the beginning of the process but not in the textile material being treated, where the actual ...

Validation for a Quick and Reliable Procedure for Centrifugal Pumps Using Frozen Rotor Methodology in COMSOL Multiphysics®

D. Manenti[1], G. Tanghetti[1], R. Roveglia[1]
[1]Metelli SPA, Cologne (BS), Italy

Single stage centrifugal pumps are widely used in several engineering fields such as: room conditioning, energetic cycles, automotive industry, home care, etc. Thus, the possibility of simulate their behaviour, in terms of pressure increase and mass flow rate, is helpful in reducing prototyping costs in the first design stages. The Rotating Machinery Interface is a dedicated tool implemented ...

Wall Effect on A Spherical Particle Settling along The Axis of Cylindrical Tubes Filled with Carreau Model Fluids

D. Song[1], R. Gupta[1], and R. Chhabra[2]
[1]Dept. of Chemical Engineering, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

The effect of finite boundaries on the drag experienced by a rigid sphere settling along the axis of cylindrical tubes filled with Carreau model fluids has been examined systematically over a wide range of condition. As expected, the presence of finite boundaries leads to an increase in the drag force exerted on a falling sphere thereby retarding its descent due to the obstruction caused by ...

Behavior Models of Virtual Impactors

R. Haft[1]
[1]Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Hayward, CA, USA

A pocket-size portable particle size detector for diesel and cigarette smoke aerosols is being designed using particle size and composition methods. Aerodynamics, fluid properties, material composition and aerosol composition are taken into account. Testing methods for the design include using an impactor and virtual impactor with two quartz crystal resonators to determine particle composition ...

Numerical Simulation of Carbon Steel Corrosion Exposed to Flowing NaCl Solutions Through an Annular Duct - new

A. Soliz[1], K. Mayrhofer[1], L. Caceres[2]
[1]Department of Interface Chemistry & Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung, Düsseldorf, Germany
[2]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Antofagasta, Antofagasta, Chile

A three-dimensional mathematical model under stationary conditions have been established to understand the corrosion of carbon steel cylindrical samples immersed in flowing NaCl solution through an annular duct. The migration, diffusion and convection mass transfer mechanisms were solved using the Nernst–Planck equation coupled to the Navier-Stokes equation. A corrosion model based on the mixed ...

Application of COMSOL Multiphysics in the Simulation of Magnesium Refining and Production

X. Guan[1], E. Gratz[1], U. Pal[1]
[1]Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Boston University, Brookline, MA, USA

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling is a useful tool to gain an insight into various high temperature metallurgical processes such as the magnesium refining and the magnesium solid oxide membrane (SOM) electrolysis. In both processes, argon gas was used to stir the molten salt (flux) in order to improve the transport of magnesium vapor out of the flux and achieve chemical homogeneity in ...

Computer-aided Design of the Heating Section of a Continuous Kheer (Rice Pudding)-making Machine

S. Kadam[1], T. Gulati[2], A. Datta[1]
[1]Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
[2]Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA

Kheer is a popular Indian dairy dessert prepared from concentrating milk with simultaneous cooking of rice grains. Conventional methods of preparing kheer have limited its mechanized production. Therefore, a conceptual design of continuous kheer-making machine has been prepared which among other components consists of a heating section for cooking kheer. The present study investigates the CFD ...

Thermal Natural Convection Simulations with COMSOL Multiphysics® in Comparison with Measurements - new

H. van Halewijn[1]
[1]Fontys University of Applied Physics, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

In a laboratory setup a horizontal rod is heated on one side. By natural convection a stable temperature pattern is developed. Using the Nusselt formulation of the natural convection of cylindrical rods, the temperature distribution can be calculated. Only a good match of the simulations and the measurements can be reached when taking into account all the non-linear physics in the system. In this ...

Virtual Prototype Evolution by COMSOL Multiphysics® of a Continuous Flow Animal By-Products ABP Ohmic Sterilization Unit - new

R. Heslop[1]
[1]C-Tech Innovation Ltd., Capenhurst, Cheshire, UK

Ohmic heating (Joule heating) is a volumetric heating technology which can effectively process almost any pumpable fluid with extremely high energy efficiency (>95%). This is particularly useful for very thick fluids, those that burn on to hot surfaces and those with high solids content which would cause difficulties for conventional heating techniques. Processing of animal by-products (ABP) ...

Numerical Analysis of Mass Transfer Rate in Droplet Flow at Microscopic Scales - new

S. Cito[1], T. Sikanen[1]
[1]Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Droplet flow at microscopic scale is often used to enhance many pharmaceuticals and industrial processes (i.e. liquid–liquid micro-extraction, nanoparticle synthesis, slow reactions in microfluidic devices, etc.). In all these processes, the mass transfer rate, at the interface between the droplets and the surrounding fluid of diluted reactants plays a key role. This work at analyzing ...

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