Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Maillard Reaction and Thermal Transformations During Bread Baking

D. Papasidero[1], F. Manenti[1]
[1]Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica “Giulio Natta”, Milano, Italy

One big challenge for the food industry is to predict and optimize flavors. The Maillard reaction occurs in food matrices containing carbohydrates and proteins under specific operating conditions. The presented research couples thermal and kinetic modeling to the bread baking process, an ideal field to study this complex set of reactions responsible for many bread flavors. The thermal model ...

Modeling of a Multilayered Propellant Extrusion in Concentric Cylinders

S. Durand[1,3], C. Dubois[1], P. Lafleur[1], V. Panchal[2], D. Park[2], D. Lepage[3], P. Paradis[3]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]US Army ARDEC, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, USA
[3]General Dynamics OTS Canada Valleyfield, Valleyfield, QC, Canada

A novel propellant technology requires extruding two formulations with differential burning rates together as a multilayered propellant. This propellant is processed into a concentric cylinder configuration, in the form of slow-fast-slow with single perforation. The material uses different path lengths between the inner and outer sections of the die, both coming from the same pressure driven ...

Simulations of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Experiments in Pure Negative and Positive Feedback Mode with Ring Microelectrodes

J. Mauzeroll[1], M. Mayoral[1], and D. Fabre[1]
[1]Department of Chemistry, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) is a powerful tool recently developed for studying structures and processes in micrometer and submicrometer sized systems. It can probe electron, ion, and molecule transfers, and other reactions at solid-liquid, and liquid-liquid, interfaces . This versatility allows for the investigation of a wide variety of processes, from metal corrosion to metabolism ...

Numerical Solutions for the Lévêque Problem of Boundary Layer  Mass or Heat Flux

E. Holzbecher
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany

The Lévêque problem is an idealized simple situation concerning the influence of the boundary on the distribution of temperature or mass in Hagen-Poiseuille flow. Here, the performance of numerical solutions is examined for a range of Péclet numbers, spanning 11 orders of magnitude. We examine the Sherwood, resp. Nusselt numbers and confirm the cubic square rule for high flow ...

Atmospheric Icing of Transmission Line Conductor Bundles

T. Wagner[1], and U. Peil[2]
[1]International Graduate School of Risk Management of Natural and Civilization Hazards on Buildings and Infrastructure, Braunschweig, Germany
[2]Institute of Steel Structures, Technical University Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany

Hazardous for the transmission lines is not only the static ice load, but also the aerodynamic instability of iced cables. It can lead to large amplitude oscillations at low frequencies. Also,  twisting due to asymmetrical iced cables may increase the fatigue rate. In extreme events, atmospheric icing can cause severe damage on towers and power lines, resulting in extensive electricity ...

Numerical Simulation of Exact Two-Dimensional Governing Equations for Internal Condensing Flows

S. Mitra, R. Naik, and A. Narain
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

The paper outlines a two-dimensional computational methodology and presents results for laminar/laminar condensing flows inside mm- scale ducts. The methodology has been developed using MATLAB/COMSOL platform and is currently capable of simulating film-wise condensation for steady and unsteady flows. The results obtained are shown to be in agreement with an independently developed ...

Aerodynamic Study For Air To Gas Leakage Reduction In A Typical Rotary Regenerative Air Preheater Of Coal-Fired Steam Generators

L. Ferravante[1], C. Zagano[1], and V. Marra[2]
[1]RSE S.p.A. - via Rubattino, Milano, Italy
[2]COMSOL S.r.l. - Via Vittorio Emanuele II, Brescia, Italy

The present study relates to the reduction of the amount of air to gas leakage in a typical rotary regenerative air preheater of coal-fired steam generators, by means of computational thermo-fluid-dynamics. Due to the gaps, or clearances, required for rotation, there is a significant amount of leakage of the higher pressure air to the lower pressure gas stream. This paper presents a turbulent CFD ...

On The Purification Of Waste Waters Using Multi-Bore Filters: Simulation Of A Long-Term Filtration Stage

I. Borsi
Dipartimento di Matematica U. Dini, Universita' di Firenze, Italy

We present the progress of the simulation activity we are carrying out within the PURIFAST LIFE+ project. We first present the model we formulated to describe the macroscopic effects of the filtration process taking place in a multi-bore filter, focusing on the fouling phenomenon. In membrane-based filters the fouling phenomenon is the major reason of a decreasing filtration efficiency. ...

Turbulent Bounded Flows for Oil & Gas Industry with COMSOL CFD Module

A. Fadel[1], G. Fontana[1]
[1]Isoil Impianti, Albano S. Alessandro, Italy

Industrial applications of fluid mechanics can require to satisfy necessities as diverse as legal norms, optimization requirements and manufacturing constraints. Therefore a Computational Fluid Mechanics software often becomes a must in the development of new devices or the improvement of older ones. Besides the legalistic aspect (such as the European Pressure Equipment Directive), several steps ...

Two Dimensional Blood Shear Modeling in a Blood Cooling Catheter

R. Sikorski[1], B. Chapman[1], T. Merrill[1]
[1]Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ, USA

A CFD cardiac catheter model was developed to determine the potential for blood hemolysis during administration of local therapeutic hypothermia using a CoolGuide catheter. In vivo animal studies have shown that mild hypothermia may reduce reperfusion injury often associated with heart attack. The CoolGuide Catheter System (CCS) delivers rapid local cooling through a cardiac catheter, reducing ...

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