Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simulation of Spiral-Tube Heat Exchangers in COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

K. O. Lund [1], S. M. Lord [2],
[1] Kurt Lund Consulting (COMSOL Certified Consultant), Del Mar, CA, USA
[2] SML Associates, Encinitas, CA, USA

A frequently occurring geometry for heat exchangers is that of a long tube wound into a helix or spiral around a core volume. There is to be heat exchange between the tube and the gases (or solids) in the core. However, the length scales of these two parts of the geometry are very different, thus complicating the interface between the tube and the core processes. Usually, the tube is too ...

Studying PEM Fuel Cells using Equation Based Simulation

J. Blackburn [1], N. McCartney [1],
[1] National Physical Laboratory, London, UK

We present computer simulation results for PEM fuel cells using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. We have developed novel PDE equations at NPL from first principles and these are more realistic than models typically used in literature. The theory includes Maxwell-Stephan and Nernst-Planck equations for the diffusion and electrochemistry as well as equations governing electrostatic and stress/strain ...

Simulation of Flow in a Rectangular Channel of a PEM Fuel Cell

A. L. R. Paulino [1], E. Robalinho [2], E. F. Cunha [1], M. Linardi [1], R. R. Passos [3], E. I. Santiago [1]
[1] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2] Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares – IPEN/CNEN, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Instituto Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – IFRS, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
[3] Universidade Federal do Amazonas – UFAM, Manaus, AM, Brazil

The performance of a PEMFC depends on several factors, including the flow inside gas channels. Low gas velocity inside the channel can make water management more difficult, possibly causing water to accumulate and condense in certain regions of the cell. In the present work, COMSOL Multiphysics software was used to visualize and describe gas flow inside the channel of a PEMFC operating with ...

Numerical Modeling and Verification of Acoustic Streaming Induced by Ultrasonic Treatment

D. Rubinetti [1], D. A. Weiss [1], J. Müller [2], A. Wahlen [2],
[1] Institute of Thermal and Fluid Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland
[2] Institute of Product and Production Engineering, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, Switzerland

Acoustic Streaming, Attenuation, Pressure Acoustics, CFD, Time-Averaged Variables

Numerical Simulation of Kinetic Interface Sensitive Tracer in Experiment with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software

F. Sun [1], A. Tatomir [1], F. Maier [2], M. Sauter [1]
[1] University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
[2] Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Goettingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

The kinetic interface-sensitive tracers (KIS tracers) are used to give a partial picture of the spreading, mixing and plume migration of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the deep saline aquifer by estimating the interfacial areas between scCO2 and brine during the injection of scCO2. To get a better understanding of the KIS tracer reaction and transport processes in the two-phase flow ...

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Numerical Study of DC Electromagnetic Pump for Liquid Metal

A. Daoud, and N. Kandev
Institut de recherche d'Hydro-Quebec (LTE), Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada

The electromagnetic pumping (EMP) of electrically-conducting fluid is of growing interest for many industrial applications requiring precise flow control, enabling stopping or reversing flow direction without any moving parts or mechanical devices. Presented in this work are the results of a 3D numerical magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulation of direct current (DC) EMP for liquid ...

Effects of Shear-thinning and Elasticity in Flow around A Sphere in A Cylindrical Tube

D. Song[1], R.K. Gupta[1], and R.P. Chhabra[2]
[1]West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, USA
[2]Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

A sphere sedimenting in a cylindrical tube filled with non-Newtonian fluids, including purely viscous and viscoelastic type, is of both practical and fundamental interest. To investigate the effects of shear-thinning and elasticity, four representative constitutive equations are adopted, Newtonian, Carreau, Oldroyd-B and Phan-Thien-Tanner (PTT) models. There is good agreement between our ...

Evaporation Induced Convection Under a Gas Channel

H. Machrafi[1], A. Rednikov[2], P. Colinet[2], P.C. Dauby[1]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Institut de Physique, Liège, Belgium
[2]Universite Libre de Bruxelles, TIPs - Fluid Physics, Bruxelles, Belgium

This work falls into the framework of an ESA experiment, which consists of observing the behavior of patterns and structures that can be formed after instability onset in a HFE7100 liquid layer, evaporating into a nitrogen gas flow. This study is performed by a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the transient temperature and fluid motion. The results show that first several small rolls ...

Computational Modeling of the Electrohydrodynamics Influencing Trace Mercury Adsorption within Electric Utility Electrostatic Precipitators

H. Clack[1]
[1]University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions increase the risk of neurological and neonatal health effects in humans through fish consumption. There are several technological approaches to controlling mercury emissions from coal combustion, including the injection of a powdered mercury sorbent into the flue gas upstream of the particulate control device (PCD). As most PCDs are electrostatic ...

Pump and Ejector Design in Wastewater Treatment Pilot Equipment - new

G. Actis Grande[1], A. Pezzin[1], G. Rovero[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

Ozone treatment is an oxidative process used in wastewater treatment plant to demolish complex organic molecule. In the case of textile industry is required to adequately remove residual color, demolishing the chromophoric bonds or groups in the dye molecules. A useful method for adding the ozone gas into water and maximize ozone-water mixing to increase mass transfer, is the use of Venturi ...