Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Analysis of Ancient Natural Ventilation Systems inside the Pitti Palace in Florence

C. Balocco
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...

Reliability Evaluation for Static Chamber Method at Landfill Sites

H. Ishimori[1], K. Endo[1], and M. Yamada[1]
[1]National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

In this study, COMSOL Multiphysics was used for the reliability evaluation for static chamber method at landfill sites. Static chamber method, which measures landfill gas emission fluxes, is widely used at landfill sites for the monitoring of greenhouse gas emission such as methane and carbon dioxide. The accuracy and the reliability of static chamber method are dependent on the measuring ...

Delamination of Sub-Crustal Lithosphere - new

P. Vincent[1], E. Humphreys[2]
[1]College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
[2]Department of Geological Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR, USA

Introduction: Lithospheric delamination beneath the western U.S. is believed to be the driving mechanism responsible for the evolution of magmatic and topographic features observed at the surface in the western U.S.. This process requires hot asthenosphere to be in contact with the underside of cold sub-crustal lithosphere and believed to be initiated by the Yellowstone hot spot plume that due ...

Modelling and Simulation of a Single Particle in Laminar Flow Regime of a Newtonian Liquid

D. Jamnani[1]

[1] Alpha Project Service, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

The interaction of a single particle in straight rectangular channel in laminar flow is modelled explicitly using the set of Navier Stokes equation for the fluid motion and Newton momentum equation for the particle motion in Cartesian coordinate system. The evaluation of integral force acting on the particle along with the behaviour of streamlines as a function of Reynolds number ReP < 120 is ...

Residence Time Distribution for Tubular Reactors - new

L. R. de Souza Jr.[1], L. Lorenz[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

In the core of Chemical Engineering is the reactor design that includes most of all scientific disciplines. The reactors, in general, are treated ideally. Unfortunately, it is observed in the real world a very different behavior from that expected. Thus, to characterize nonideal reactors is used, among others, residence time distribution function E(t). The aim of this present work is to ...

Ventilation System of a Microwave Assisted Drying Kiln

A.-G. Ghiaus[1], M.-A. Istrate[1], A. Georgescu[1]
[1]Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Romania

The paper presents the analysis and optimization of the ventilation system inside of a drying lumber kiln. As with any part of the manufacturing process, improper drying techniques cause quality degradation and considerable amount of energy loose. The improvement and optimization of air distribution systems in drying kilns contributes to the preservation of the wood quality. The performance of ...

Simulation of the Turbulent Flow in HEV Static Mixers : Mixing of Ethanol with Gasoline

A. Eissa[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Mixing is a typical unit operation that occurs almost in all chemical industries. Static – alternatively termed motionless – mixers are being widely used due to their low power consumption, low capital investment, minimal maintenance costs and versatility. The traditional helical mixing element is mainly used for in-line blending under laminar and transitional flow conditions. The ...

Virtual Experiments: Numerical Computations as a Powerful Tool for Engineers

P. Schmitz[1], A. Cockx[2], S. Geoffroy[3], and J. Gunther[1]
[1]Biochemical Engineering Dpt., Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
[2]Chemical Engineering Dpt., Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
[3]Mechanical Engineering Dpt., Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

An undergraduate course is developed to initiate future engineers to multiphysics numerical simulation by approaching concrete cases in various fields such as: heat transfers, fluid flow, mechanics, chemistry and electrostatics. The so called “Virtual Experiments” course consists of four projects given successively to students. Each project lasts about ten hours. The major notions related to ...

Bio-Effluents Tracing in Ventilated Aircraft Cabins

G. Petrone[1], L. Cammarata[1], and G. Cammarata[1]
[1]Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, University of Catania, Catania, Italy

Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) are issues of very high interest, determining comfortable conditions for occupants and no-contaminated local atmosphere. The aircraft cabins are more confined and have a higher occupant density than other indoor environments such as offices or residential houses. The passengers and the crew share a closed and ventilated cabin, which brings potential risk ...

Coupled PDEs with Initial Solution from Data in COMSOL Multiphysics®

M. K. Gobbert[1], X. Huang[1], S. Khuvis[1], S. Askarian[1], B. E. Peercy[1]
[1]University of Maryland - Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, USA

This paper presents information on techniques needed in COMSOL Multiphysics® to enable computational studies of coupled systems of PDEs for time-dependent non-linear problems. Furthermore, we demonstrate how to use data files as input for initial conditions. To illustrate the techniques, we consider a system of two time-dependent non-linear PDEs from mathematical biology that couples an ...