P. Guha, P. Sharma, V. Malhotra, S. Mishra
CSIR - Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh, India
Proper storage of grains depends on minimizing attacks of insects, fungi, mites, etc. Development of such pests can be controlled by controlling the temperature of the storage chamber. Hence, before designing grain storage chambers, mathematical modeling and numerical simulations should be performed to predict the temperature distributions. Changes in storage temperature may occur due to several ...
Conductivity Estimation of Breast Cancer Using COMSOL® Modeling of Microwave Scattering and Frechet Mean Estimate of Covariance - new
A. Jeremic, E. Khoshrowshahli
Electrical & Computer Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
Breast cancer detection is one of the most important problems in health care and it is second most frequent cancer according to WHO. It is recommended that women over fifty or even younger in some cases do a screening test every two years. Besides clinical breast examination, there are number of imaging methods used for this purpose, such as mammography, ultrasound and MRI. Among them, ...
E. P. Furlani, N. M. Litchinitse, and R. Biswas
The Institute for Lasers, Photonics and Biophotonics, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York, USA
Department of Electrical Engineering, The State University of New York at Buffalo,Buffalo, New York, USA
We present a study of an optofluidic biosensor. The sensor operates in a transmission mode wherein detection is based on a shift in the transmission spectrum caused by the contrast in refractive index between the carrier fluid and the target biomaterial. We study the behavior of the sensor using 2D full-wave electromagnetic analysis, and perform parametric studies of sensitivity as a function ...
Laser Interstitial Thermo Therapy (LITT) for Prostate Cancer Animal Model: Numerical Simulation of Temperature and Damage Distribution
M.F. Marqa, P. Colin, P. Nevoux, S. Mordon, and N. Betrouni
University of Lille, CHRU, Lille, France
Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a cancer treatment technique in which laser fibers are introduced inside the tumor. While it destroys deep tumors, the LITT procedure allows minimizing the impact on adjacent healthy structures. One of the effective methods to perform treatment planning for LITT is simulation. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the heat distribution and thermal ...
E. Engström, B. Balfors, and R. Thunvik
Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
In this study we evaluate transport, retention and subsistence of Escherichia coli (E. coli), a common fecal indicator bacteria, in a model (2x1m) of a constructed wetland. Transport occurs in the unsaturated and saturated zone. Inactivation is accounted for as a kinetic first-order process. Retention is assumed to be dominated by solid-air-water interface straining and is modeled with a kinetic ...
P. Apell, S. Hjalmarsson, T. Lindberg, I. Wernström, Y. Tarakonov, A. Erichsen Andersson, M. Karlsteen
Department of Applied Physics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden
Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Department of Anesthesia, Surgery and Intensive Care, Göteborg, Sweden
Patients undergoing surgery are sensitive to infections. The operation staff may spread 10^4 particles per person per minute, of which ten percent are presumed bacteria-carrying. We visualize the influence of the personnel on the air and particle flows for the two most common ventilation systems in Swedish hospitals using Comsol Multiphysics with particle tracing.. The Laminar Air flow ...
R. Sisto, L. Cerini, D. Mambro, A. Moleti, F. Sanjust
INAIL Research, Monteporzio Catone, Italy
Università di Roma, Tor Vergata, Italy
The otoacoustic emissions (OAEs) are acoustic signals emitted by the inner ear as a consequence of the activity of a nonlinear feedback mechanism capable of amplifying the signal near to the hearing threshold level. The otoacoustic emissions can be used as an acoustic imaging of the cochlear functionality. They are used in clinics for screening purposes but due to the extreme variability ...
R. Penjweini, M. M. Kim, T. C. Zhu
Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Introduction: Singlet oxygen (¹O₂) has a critical role in the cell-killing mechanism of photodynamic therapy (PDT). Therefore, in this study, the distance-dependent reacted ¹O₂ is numerically calculated using finite-element method (FEM). Herein, we use a model [Ref. 1] that has been previously developed to incorporate the diffusion equation for the light transport in tissue and the macroscopic ...
D. Krapohl, S. Loeffler, A. Moser, and U.G.Hofmann
Institute for Signalprocessing, University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
Institute for Neurology, University of Luebeck, Lübeck, Germany
Department of Information Technology and Media, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) has been established as an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. The stimulation is currently administered using tetrode-macroelectrodes that target the Subthalamic Nucleus (STN). This often leads to side effects which bias the surrounding areas, e.g. the speech centre. Targeting a specific brain region can better be achieved with ...
A. Sun, and S. Murray
Dept. of Biomedical Engineering
UCLA, Los Angeles, CA
Implantable Collagen sponges are used in Spinal Surgery as Drug Delivery Scaffolds. An optimal concentration of growth factor that strikes a balance between bone growth and adverse diffusion effects is difficult to find. The porous sponge also serves as a scaffold for Osteoblast growth, and fluid shear has been shown to mediate biological effects on that cell type. We use COMSOL Multiphysics ...