Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Temperature Excursions at the Pulp-Dentin Junction during the Curing of Light-Activated Dental Restorations

M. Jakubinek[1,2], C. Neill[1], C. Felix[3], R. Price[2,3], M. White[1,2]

[1]Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Institute for Research in Materials, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[3]Department of Dental Clinical Sciences, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

Heat produced during the curing of light-activated dental restorations could damage the dental pulp. Given the prevalence of composite restorations and the importance of avoiding injury to the pulp, efforts should be made to minimize the temperature increase that occurs at the pulp-dentin junction during light-curing. In this investigation we develop and evaluate a COMSOL Multiphysics FEM tooth ...

Laser Interstitial Thermo Therapy (LITT) for Prostate Cancer Animal Model: Numerical Simulation of Temperature and Damage Distribution

M.F. Marqa, P. Colin, P. Nevoux, S. Mordon, and N. Betrouni
University of Lille, CHRU, Lille, France

Laser interstitial thermotherapy (LITT) is a cancer treatment technique in which laser fibers are introduced inside the tumor. While it destroys deep tumors, the LITT procedure allows minimizing the impact on adjacent healthy structures. One of the effective methods to perform treatment planning for LITT is simulation. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate the heat distribution and thermal ...

Energy Harvesting from Variation in Blood Pressure through Deformation of Arterial Wall using Electro-magneto-hydrodynamics

A. Pfenniger[1], V.M. Koch[2], A. Stahel[2], and R. Vogel[1]
[1]ARTORG Cardiovascular Engineering, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
[2]Bern University of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Information Technology, Biel, Switzerland

The present project aims at modelling a generator that harvests energy from the variation in blood pressure by exploiting the motion of the arterial wall between the diastolic and systolic phase of the cardiac cycle. The concept is to use a highly electrically conductive fluid, which is driven by the motion of the arterial wall within a separate compartment outside the artery. A constant ...

Electric Field Density Distribution for Cochlear Implant Electrodes

N.S. Lawand[1], J. van Driel[2], P.J. French[2]
[1]Electronic Instrumentation Laboratory (EILab), Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science (EEMCS), Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands

Cochlear Implants are implantable devices which bypasses the non-functional inner ear and directly stimulates the hearing nerve with electric currents thus enabling deaf people to experience sound again. Implant electrode array design is limited in electrode count, due to their large size in accordance to scala tympani (ST) with restrictions for deeper insertion in ST thus depriving access to ...

A Mean Field Approach to Many-particles Effects in Dielectrophoresis

O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy

One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...

Multiphysics Modeling of Cellular Arrays Using Periodic Minimal Surfaces – A Drug and Gene Delivery Application

J.I. Rey, A.J. Llewellyn, R.J. Connolly, J.P. Jimenez, A.M. Hoff, and R.A. Gilbert
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Minimal surfaces are found in nature from crystalline structures to biological nano and micro structures such as biomembranes, and osseous formations in sea urchin. An application to electrically mediated drug and gene delivery is presented. Periodic level surfaces which approximate minimal surfaces are used to generate a geometric representation of tissue. A method to create such structures ...

Generation of Lofted NURBS Curves for 3D Model Generation with COMSOL Multiphysics®

R.T. Hart[1]
[1]Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

A key challenge to finding quantitative solutions to biological problems is to model the complex 3D geometry of naturally occurring structures. Model generation often starts from serial sections from CT or MRI scans, confocal microscopy, or physical sectioning. In addition, prior to V4 of COMSOL Multiphysics®, there was a "loft" command to allow construction of 3D models from serial sections ...

Advancing Regulatory Science through Integrative Engineering with COMSOL Multiphysics® Software Modeling

G. Zhang [1]
[1] Department of Bioengineering, Institute for Biological Interfaces of Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) faces significant challenges in its regulatory approval processes due to a lack of relevant science, and many practices are limited by laws enacted in the previous century [1]. Therefore, in recent years, the FDA has identified the need for advancements in regulatory science and innovation. In a broader sense, advancing regulatory science is not just ...

Prediction of Time of Death Using a Heat Transport Model

J.L. Smart[1], and M. Kaliszan[2]
[1]University of Kentucky, Paducah, KY, USA
[2]Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland

COMSOL Multiphysics® 4.0 was used to study conductive and convective heat transfer from the human eyeball to the surrounding air. Postmortem temperature decay curves were collected in eyeballs of numerous human corpses. Of course, these curves represent only a portion of the complete temperature decay curve, since the pathologist is able to start collecting temperature data only after some ...

Biofluid-Structural Interaction in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm for Predicting Timeline to Rupture: The Effect of Hypertension and Aorta Wall Material Properties - new

K. Cluff[1], H. Mehraein[1], G. Jayakumar[2]
[1]Bioengineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, USA

An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a bulge formed in the large blood vessels that supply blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs. A fluid structure interaction model was developed in a 3D aortic aneurysm model, which was constructed from abdominal CT scan images. Combining medical imaging and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in a time dependent study allowed the determination of wall ...