Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling the response of photoacoustic gas sensors

S.L. Firebaugh[1], F. Roignant[2], and E.A. Terray[3]

[1]United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA
[2]Polytechnique Nantes, Nantes, France
[3]Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, USA

A fast, high-sensitivity detector is required for studies of environmentally relevant gases. Photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), an absorption spectroscopy technique in which absorption is detected as sound, is explored as a possible solution. A tuning-fork based PAS sensor is modeled using COMSOL. The model combines the acoustic and piezoelectric modules and also includes viscous damping. The ...

Linear Water Wave Propagation around Structures

L. Martinelli, and A. Lamberti
Universita di Bologna, Italy

Objective of this contribution is to show how to implement the Mild Slope Equations with COMSOL Multiphysics. These equations are commonly used to study the propagation of waves in harbors. Some interesting features are presented, namely the use of weak terms (used for the modelling of the source term); the evaluation of a smooth phase gradient from the complex dependent variable; a robust ...

On the Numerical Modeling of Elastic Resonant Acoustic Scatterers

V. Romero-García[1], A. Krynkin[2], J.V. Sánchez-Pérez[1], S. Castiñeira-Ibáñez[3], and L.M. Garcia-Raffi[4]
[1]Centro de Tecnologías Físicas Acústica, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[2]School of Computing, Science & Engineering, University of Salford, Salford, United Kingdom
[3]Depto. Física Aplicada, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain
[4]Instituto Universitario de Matemática Pura y Aplicada, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, Spain

The elastic and geometrical properties of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) foam are used in this paper to improve the attenuation properties of periodic arrangements of acoustic scatterers known as Sonic Crystals (SCs). A specific recycled profile of LDPE foam is used as elastic-acoustic scatterer. The acoustic spectrum of the single scatterer shows two attenuation peaks in the low frequency ...

Boundary Conditions for the Diffusion Equation Model in Room-acoustic Prediction

Y. Jing, and N. Xiang
Graduate program of Architectural Acoustics, School of Architecture, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA

This note proposes a modified boundary condition for the diffusion equation model to predict the reverberation times and sound pressure distributions in enclosures.While previous diffusion equation models usually only have good performances for a certain range of absorption surfaces, the modified diffusion model yields more satisfactory results for both low and high absorption surfaces.An example ...

Application of Transfer Matrix Method in Acoustics

G. Campa, and S.M. Camporeale
Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy

The Transfer Matrix method in the Acoustics Module of COMSOL Multiphysics is used when the whole system can be represented into a sequence of subsystems that interact only with adjacent subsystems. This method is frequently used in mathematics and, particularly, in acoustics. The application of the present method is really useful, because it permits to break the total system into a network of ...

Electro-acoustic Coupling in Nematic Liquid Crystals

G. Rosi[1], L. Teresi[1], A. DiCarlo[1], and F. dell'Isola[2]
[1]LaMS - Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza", Roma, Italy

Liquid crystals - as all liquids - are generally modelled as incompressible media. In fact, mass-density changes occurring in these mesophases are minuscule and inconsequential in most regimes of interest. However, liquid crystals exhibit also phenomena that call for a more refined theory. In particular, it is experimentally well established that the Fréedericksz transition - i.e., the sudden ...

Optimization of Acoustic Silencer for the Screw Compressor System

M. Swamy[1], L. J. van Lier[1], J. Smeulers[1]
[1]TNO, Delft, The Netherlands

In one of the screw compressor system, designed silencer was not optimal. A great challenge was the large variation in operating conditions, especially the variation of the molecular weight of the gas. There was need to optimize the silencer. This paper describes the acoustic modelling tools to optimize the acoustic performance of the silencer. Optimization steps carried out are based on the ...

Analysis of an Air Transparent Soundproof Window System & Comparisons to Physical Test Data

M. Yeoman[1], V. Sivasailam[1], A. Tomar[2]
[1]Continuum Blue Ltd., Ystrad Mynach, UK
[2]Jaguar Land Rover Ltd, Coventry, UK

The design of windows and or other perforated structures which allow the free flow of air into & out of a building or system, while being fully soundproofed or attenuate certain frequencies is of great interest to architects and design engineers, where sound as a longitudinal wave, is difficult to separate it from its medium of propagation. In this work, we present the analysis of air ...

Identification of Noise Sources by Means of Inverse Finite Element Method

M. Weber[1], T. Kletschkowski[1], and B. Samtleben[2]
[1]Helmut-Schmidt-University Hamburg, Germany
[2]Airbus Germany

An inverse finite element method for noise source identification in an aircraft cabin is presented. If all sound sources are located on the boundary of the cabin, the equation system resulting from a matching FE model can be re-sorted in such a way that computation of the unknown boundary data is possible from measurement data taken in the cavity. The method is first validated using a simplified ...

A Study of Seismic Robot Actuation Using COMSOL Multiphysics

S.L. Firebaugh, E.A. Leckie, J.A. Piepmeier, and J.A. Burkhardt
United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland, USA

Microrobotics has promising applications in microsurgery and microassembly. A challenge in these systems is interfacing with the robot. This project explores crawling robots that are powered and controlled through a global mechanical vibration field. By controlling the frequencies present in the vibration field, the user can then steer the robot. The “robot” has a rectangular body with ...

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