Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Implementation of Hysteresis Material Characteristics in Finite Element Computations

P. Sergeant, and L. Dupré
Department of Electrical Energy, Systems and Automation, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

The hysteresis loss in a sample is obtained by evaluating the drag force profile when slowly moving the sample forward and backward through the strong field of a permanent magnet.A numerical time-stepping model is presented that calculates the drag force profile. At every time step, the sample is slightly moved relative to the magnet. The model is based on 2D-FE computations (COMSOL AC/DC module, ...

Design of UV reactors by CFD: Model Development and Experimental Validation

J. Hofman1,2,3, L. Shao2, B. Wols2, W. Uijttewaal2, G. I. J. Pelaar1, E. Beerendonk1, and H. van Dijk2
1Kiwa Water Research, Rijkswijk, The Netherlands
2Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
3Waternet, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

UV technology is an emerging technology for drinking-water treatment. It can either be used as a disinfection barrier, where the UV light is used to inactivate pathogenic microorganisms, or in combination with hydrogen peroxide as an advanced oxidation process. The design of UV reactors is very complex. The water flow and related aspects of mixing, the UV light distribution, and the reaction ...

COMSOL 2D Simulation of Heavy Oil Recovery by Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage

I. I. Bogdanov, K. El Ganaoui, and A. M. Kamp
Centre Huile Lourde Ouvert et Expérimental (CHLOE), Pau, France

Multiphysics flexibility and computational performance of COMSOL gave us the idea to model SAGD (steam assisted gravity drainage), one of the popular thermal methods of oil recovery. The modeling is far from straightforward and requires solving a system of non-linear PDEs for thermal multiphase flow under conditions of thermodynamic (phase) equilibrium. This paper presents the main results of our ...

Modeling of Electromigration Induced Failure Mechanisms in Semiconductor Devices

F. Cacho, V. Fiori, C. Chappaz, C. Tavernier, and H. Jaouen
STMicroelectronics, Crolles, France

In advanced semiconductor devices, most of the reliability issues in interconnects occur at a local scale. More precisely, the voiding phenomenon in copper lines is one of the key issues. Hence, a better understanding of the mechanisms governing electromigration would enable the development of more accurate predictive models.A model of vacancy migration is proposed. The thermal, stress and ...

Hydraulic Design of Activated Sludge Tanks with CFD

A. J. Bosma, and B. A. Reitsma
Tauw bv, Deventer, The Netherlands

The hydraulic design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) is usually based on general guidelines and experience. Research and development in this field is mainly focused on understanding and improvement of the biological processes. In this article we present modeling of the activated sludge tanks of the wastewater treatment plants in Amsterdam-West and Eindhoven. For both locations, a number of ...

An Optimized Convolutional-Perfectly Matched Layer (C-PML) Absorbing Boundary Condition for Second-order Elastic Wave Equations

O. Bou Matar1,2, E. Galopin1, Y. Li1,2, and O. Ducloux1,2
1Institut d'Electronique, de Micro-électroniqueet de Nanotechnologie, Villeneuve d'Acsq, France
2Laboratoire Européen Associé en MagnétoAcoustiqueNonlinéaire de la matière condensée (LEMAC), Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this study, we extend the Convolution-Perfectly Matched Layer (C-PML) method we have developed for a first order system describing elastic waves in velocity and stress formulation to the same equation written as a second order system displacement.We illustrate the efficiency of this second order Perfectly Matched Layer upon 2D benchmarks with surface waves and Lamb Waves.

Numerical Simulation of the Filling Stage in the Polymer Injection Moulding Process

R. El Otmani1, M. Zinet1, M. Boutaous1, P. Chantrenne1, and H. Benhadid2
1CETHIL, Université Lyon, Villeurbanne, France
2Laboratoire de Mécanique des Fluides et d'Acoustique, Université Lyon, Ecully, France

During injection moulding of thermoplastic parts, high pressures, velocities and temperatures are experienced by the polymer in the filling phase. The numerical simulation of this phase is a complex task, especially for semi-crystalline polymers, because it involves a coupling between heat transfer, material structural transformation and crystallinity. The aim of this work is to present ...

On the Use of COMSOL Multiphysics to Understand and Optimize the Filling Phase in the Injection and Micro-Injection Molding Process

M. Moguedet1, P. Namy2, and Y. Béreaux3
1Pôle Européen de Plasturgie, Bellignat, France
2SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
3LAMCOS, Site de Plasturgie, INSA Lyon, Bellignat, France

The work presented here deals with the simulation of the cavity filling stage of the injection and micro-injection molding process for thermoplastic materials.COMSOL Multiphysics gives us the means to take into consideration some other aspects usually neglected in commercial 3D softwares dedicated to polymer processing. In particular, tracking of the flow front is based on a Level Set approach. ...

Underpaint Corrosion Modelling

T. Machado Amorim, and C. Allély
ArcelorMittal Research and Development, Automotive Products Center, Maizières les Metz, France

Underpaint corrosion is one of the most important degradation modes for galvanized steel sheets employed in automotive and building industry. Simplified systems (metal coated with thin polymer layer) under corrosion situations have been studied in the past few years and it is now widely accepted that one of the mechanisms responsible for the paint disbonding is cathodic delamination. In this ...

Multiphysics Modelling of High-Frequency Inductive Devices

M. Jungwirth, and D. Hofinger
University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria, Wels, Austria

In this work, the effects of power loss in power transformers, e.g. winding and core losses, are described, modeled and simulated employing an iterative multi-field coupling scheme. A system simulation comprising voltage source, transformer and discrete electrical components such as resistors, inductors and non-linear elements (e.g. diodes) is performed. Furthermore, two different transformer ...

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