The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

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Transmission Line Butler Matrix Beamforming Network

A Butler matrix is a passive beamforming feed network. It is a cost-effective feed network for phased array antennas because the circuit can be fabricated in the form of microstrip lines and is a viable solution for performing beam scanning without deploying expensive active devices. This example shows how to design such a circuit using the *Transmission Line* interface. The results show the ...

Hexagonal Grating (RF)

A plane wave is incident on a reflecting hexagonal grating. The grating cell consists of a protruding semisphere. The scattering coefficients for the different diffraction orders are calculated for a few different wavelengths.

Simulation of an Electromagnetic Sounding Method for Oil Prospecting

The marine controlled source electromagnetics method (CSEM) for oil prospecting has emerged as a promising technique during recent years. This model demonstrates one variant of it. It uses a mobile horizontal 1 Hz electric dipole antenna that is towed 150 m above the sea floor. An array of sea floor receivers measure the electric field at various distances away from the antenna. When measuring ...

Dielectric Resonator Antenna

A dielectric resonator placed near a radiating element can be used to increase directivity and gain. Here, a block of quartz dielectric, with additional passive metallic antenna elements, is placed above a slot antenna. The fields in and around the antenna are solved for. The far field pattern and impedance is computed and improved performance is seen.

Tunable Evanescent Mode Cavity Filter Using a Piezo Actuator

An evanescent mode cavity filter can be realized by adding a structure inside of the cavity. This structure changes the resonant frequency lower than the dominant mode of the unfilled cavity. A piezo actuator is used to control the size of a small air gap which provides the tunability of the resonant frequency.

Thermal Drift in a Microwave Cavity Filter

Microwave filters are used to eliminate unwanted frequency components in the output from microwave transmitters. They are typically inserted between a power amplifier and an antenna. The amplifiers are nonlinear and produce harmonics that must be eliminated with filters that have a rather narrow passband. Due to high power loads but also possibly from harsh environmental conditions (such as a ...

Radome with Double-layered Dielectric Lens

A radome minimizes losses and improves radiation characteristics of an antenna through its design. The structure can be optimized to minimize the transmission loss and also designed to improve radiation characteristics including antenna directivity and side lobes. Shown in the model is the surface current density on the patch antenna, the magnitude of the electric potential on the antenna's ...

Defining a Mapped Dielectric Distribution of a Material (RF)

This example demonstrates how to set up a spatially varying dielectric distribution. Here, a convex lens shape is defined via a known deformation of a rectangular domain. The dielectric distribution is defined on the undeformed, original rectangular domain and is mapped onto the deformed shape of the lens. Although the lens shape defined here is convex, the dielectric distribution causes the ...

Transmission Line Low-Pass Filter

One way to design a filter is to use the element values of well-known filter prototypes, such as maximally flat or equal-ripple low-pass filters. It is easier to fabricate a distributed element filter on a microwave substrate than a lumped element filter, since it is cumbersome to find off-the-shelf capacitors and inductors that are exactly matched to the frequency-scaled element values of the ...

Antenna Decoupling Using An Electromagnetic Band Gap Meta-Material

An Electromagnetic Band Gap (EBG) structure can be used to increase the isolation between antennas close to each other. The decoupling effect is not only a function of frequency but also polarization and coupling-plane configuration. When designing an EBG structure, one needs to make sure to not apply an incorrect frequency and polarization, since this would increase the coupling between ...