# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Circular Waveguide Filter

A circular waveguide filter is designed using a 2D axisymmetric model. Six annular rings added to the waveguide form circular cavities connected in series, and each cavity cutoff frequency is close to the center frequency of the filter. The simulated S-parameters show a bandpass frequency response.

### MOSFET with Mobility Models

This model shows how to add several linked mobility models to the simple MOSFET example.

### Three-Port Ferrite Circulator

A microwave circulator is a multiport device in which a wave incident on Port 1 is coupled only into Port 2; a wave incident on Port 2 is coupled only into Port 3; and so on. Circulators are used to isolate microwave components, for example, to couple a transmitter and a receiver to a common antenna. They typically rely on anisotropic materials, most commonly ferrites. This model simulates ...

### Linear Buckling Analysis of a Truss Tower

Trusses are commonly used to create light structures that can support heavy loads. When designing such a structure, it is important to ensure its safety. For a tower made of bars, buckling can cause the structure to collapse. This model shows how to compute the critical buckling load using a linear buckling analysis. The solution is compared with an analytical expression for critical load ...

### Simulating the Motion of a Bicycle on a Flat Surface

This model demonstrates the motion of a bicycle with a hands-free rider when given an initial forward velocity and perturbed with a lean about the forward axis. This is implemented through the Multibody Dynamics module in COMSOL. The wheels of the bicycle have been modelled assuming knife-edge contact with the ground and pure rolling constraints have been implemented. Stability analysis was ...

### Superlattice Band Gap Tool

The Superlattice Band Gap Tool helps the design of periodic structures made of two alternating semiconductor materials (superlattices). The tool uses the effective mass Schrödinger equation to estimate the electron and hole ground state energy levels in a given superlattice structure. Device engineers can use the tool to quickly compute the effective band gap for a given periodic structure and ...

### Thermal Bridges in Building Construction - 3D Iron Bar Through Insulation Layer

This model studies the heat conduction in a thermal bridge made up of an iron bar and an insulation layer that separates a hot internal side from a cold external side. The heat flux between internal and external side and the maximum temperature on the external wall are compared them with published values. This example corresponds to the case 4 described in the European standard EN ISO 10211 ...

### Arterial Wall Viscoelasticity

Anisotropic hyperelastic materials are used for modeling collagenous soft tissue in arterial walls. The arterial _wall_ mechanics application describes a section of an artery based on the Holzapfel-Gasser-Ogden hyperelastic material model. In this example the dynamic behavior of the artery is studied, especially the viscoelastic response is calculated by adding a five branches viscoelasticity ...

### Modeling Phase Change with Hysteresis

This example exemplifies how to model thermal phase change that is subject to hysteresis. A more detailed description of the phenomenon, and the modeling process, can be seen in the blog post "[Thermal Modeling of Phase-Change Materials with Hysteresis](https://www.comsol.com/blogs/thermal-modeling-of-phase-change-materials-with-hysteresis/)".

### Modeling of Wires, Surfaces, and Solids with Boundary-Element-Based Electrostatics

These examples demonstrate using the *Electrostatics, Boundary Elements* interface, introduced in version 5.3 of the COMSOL Multiphysics® software. In the blog post associated with these files, "[How to Create Electrostatics Models with Wires, Surfaces, and Solids](/blogs/how-to-create-electrostatics-models-with-wires-surfaces-and-solids/)", we demonstrate the pros and cons of using the boundary ...

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