Model Gallery

The Model Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics model files from a wide variety of application areas including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use models and step-by-step instructions for building the model, and use these as a starting point for your own modeling work. Use the Quick Search to find models relevant to your area of expertise, and login or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license to download the model files.

Heating of a Flow in a Heat Exchanger Unit Cell

In this example, we study the transport by convection and conduction. Such a system may be found in a heat exchanger or in heating of endothermic reactors. The fluid flow enters the unit cell from below and the fluid is heated as it passes the heated cylinder. Since the problem is symmetric, we only need to treat half of the unit cell. We vary the flow rate, using the parametric solver, in ...

Parasol

This model illustrate how to model thermal effects of the sun as an external radiative source and considers wavelength-dependent surface emissivities. Two styrofoam coolers are exposed to ambient conditions. A parasol provides shade for one of the coolers for most of the day. The temperature of the beverage cans in the coolers is computed over time.

Thermal Modeling of a Power Transformer

This model describes the temperature distribution in a coil-shaped power transformer which is cooled by forced flow of transformer oil from the bottom. The properties of the oil varies strongly with temperature, making modeling of the fluid flow in combination with the heat transfer necessary. The results show the position of the "hot spot", and that there is an unexpected radial flow component ...

Optimizing a Thermal Process

A thermal processing scenario is modeled whereby two heaters raise the temperature of a gas flowing through a channel. The Optimization Module is used to find the heater power to maximize the outflow temperature, while maintaining a constraint on the peak temperature at the heaters themselves.

Convective Cooling of a Potcore Inductor

The inductor is a common component in a variety of electrical devices. Its applications include power transformation and measurements, and it can also be used together with capacitors to create oscillators. In small devices with many components, such as in laptops, heat generation can be a problem and must be accounted for in the design. This axi-symmetric model studies the heat transfer in ...

Thermoelectric leg

A thermoelectric leg is a fundamental component of a thermoelectric cooler (or heater). For example, a thermocouple is a thermoelectric module typically made of two thermoelectric legs: one made of p-type and of one n-type semiconductor material which are connected in series electrically and in parallel thermally.

Thermal Bridges in Building Construction—3D Iron Bar Through Insulation Layer

This model studies the heat conduction in a thermal bridge made up of an iron bar and an insulation layer that separates a hot internal side from a cold external side. The heat flux between internal and external side and the maximum temperature on the external wall are compared them with published values. This example corresponds to the case 4 described in the European standard EN ISO ...

Thermal Bridges In Building Construction—2D Composite Structure

This example studies heat transfer in a composite two-dimensional structure. Four materials with distinct thermal conductivities k compose the structure. The top and bottom boundaries are facing environments respectively at 0°C and 20°C. The temperature distribution and the heat flux through the structure are compared with published data. This example corresponds to the case 2 described in ...

Radiative Cooling of a Glass Plate

When producing glass, the glass melt is cooled down through radiation to form the final shape, subjecting it to stresses. Numerical treatment of radiative heat transfer, using the Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE), helps to optimize this process. COMSOL Multiphysics provides three discretization methods for modeling radiation in participating media and solving the RTE: the Rosseland ...

Localized Heat Source

This classical verification model solves the steady state temperature distribution in a plan disk heated by a localized heat source at its center. It shows and compare different ways to define a heat source localized on a small domain by representing it either as a geometrical point or a small disk. Both modelings have analytical solutions to which the obtained numerical results can be compared. ...

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