# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Thermoelectric generator

In this model, we show how to model Seebeck effect which works as a thermoelectric generator. Seebeck effect is a phenomena where the difference in temperature of a material leads to a potential difference. The potential drawn in this model was compared with the paper by Jaegle (Example 3) and a good match was observed. Ref : "Multiphysics Simulation of Thermoelectric Systems - Modeling of ...

### Thermal Bridges In Building Construction — 2D Square Column

This example studies heat transfer in a square column. Cold and hot temperature conditions are applied to the boundaries. Due to the symmetry of the problem, the geometry is simplified to half of the square. The temperature field is compared with the analytic data. This example corresponds to the case 1 described in the European standard EN ISO 10211:2007 for thermal bridges in building ...

### Interpolating Material Data on a Regular Shape as an Alternative to Building an Irregular Geometry

Creating irregular geometries can be a good solution, even the only option, for some types of applications. These files present a way to use a text file with material properties defined in coordinates to assign different materials even though there is only one regular domain. The same material data will be used to adapt the mesh so that the boundary of the irregular-shaped domain will be better ...

### Heat Transfer Modeling in Cellulosic Material Oxidation

Thermally induced transformations in solids may be modeled by using an Arrhenius law to express the dependence on temperature of the transformation rate. This tutorial model shows how to use the Irreversible Transformation subfeature, available under the Solid feature of the Heat Transfer interface, for the modeling of heat transfer in cellulosic material oxidation.

### Action on Structures Exposed to Fire — Thermal Elongation

This entry is a compilation of some examples from DIN EN 1991-1-2 (Actions on structures exposed to fire). Models that are included: 1. Cooling (HT) 2. Heating (HT) 3. Heat transfer through multiple layers (HT) 4. Thermal elongation (SME, thermal stress) 5. Thermal expansion (SME, HT, Nonlinear material model)

### Surface-to-Surface Radiation with Specular Reflection

The purpose of this model is to introduce the specular reflection in Surface-to-Surface Radiation using Ray Shooting algorithm. Different parameters are available to the user to yield better accuracy in the results when using the Ray Shooting algorithm. The model is a standard benchmark test of concentric spheres that are diffuse emitters and diffuse-and-specular reflectors.

### Light Diffusion in a Slab of Particles

This tutorial model shows how to use the Heat Transfer with Radiation in Absorbing-Scattering Media multiphysics interface to model light diffusion through a slab of particles, with the corresponding heating due to absorption and scattering. The numerical results are compared to an analytical solution.

### Gray Body

A gray body with a spherical cavity with various opening areas is simulated using the _Heat Transfer, Surface-to-Surface Radiation_ interface. The emissivity for each case is computed and compared with the classical gray body theory. The COMSOL Multiphysics® result agrees very well with the most accurate theory. Learn more in this blog post: [Understanding Classical Gray Body Radiation ...

### Thermal Insulation on Internal Boundary

The purpose of this model is to introduce the Thermal Insulation feature available in Heat Transfer interfaces. Thermal Insulation is the default feature for external boundaries. An additional Thermal Insulation node is necessary in order to apply a thermal insulation condition to an internal boundary.

### Using Assembly Meshing for Conjugate Heat Transfer Modeling - new

You can use assembly meshing to reduce the number of mesh elements in your model, which is especially useful for conjugate heat transfer simulation in cases where the fluid domains can be handled with swept mesh. These models demonstrate how to use form assembly and discontinuous meshes when simulating a cross-flow heat exchanger.

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