The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.
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This application example is useful for investigation of the following: Voltage, polarization (voltage drop), internal resistance, state-of-charge (SOC), and rate capability, in lithium-ion batteries under isothermal conditions. Some of the listed properties play an important role in ... Read More
Due to the large differences in length scales in a lithium-ion battery, with the thickness of the different layers typically being several orders of magnitude smaller than the extension in the sheet direction, a lithium-ion battery is often well represented by a one-dimensional model. ... Read More
Diffusion-induced stress in lithium-ion battery electrode materials can occur as a result of compositional inhomogeneities during lithium intercalation in the host material particles. These stresses are important since the electrode host material can undergo significant volume changes ... Read More
An isothermal single particle model formulation for a lithium-ion battery is presented in this work. The single particle model is a simplification of the 1D formulation for a lithium-ion battery along with a few assumptions. The model is typically valid for low-medium current ... Read More
Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design ... Read More
This application can be used as a design tool to develop an optimized battery configuration for a specific application. The app computes the capacity, energy efficiency, heat generation and capacity losses due to parasitic reactions of a lithium-ion battery for a specific load cycle. ... Read More
This tutorial uses a “black-box” approach to define a battery model based on a small set of lumped parameters, assuming no knowledge of the internal structure or design of the battery electrodes, or choice of materials. The input to the model is the battery capacity, the initial state ... Read More
Large lithium-ion batteries are widely deployed in electric vehicles and for stationary energy storage applications. In the (stacked) pouch battery cell design, all current exits the cell on the cell “tabs”, and as the cell size and power increases, the voltage gradients in the highly ... Read More
Rechargeable lithium-air batteries have recently attracted great interest mainly due to their high energy density. The theoretical value is about 11400 Wh/kg which is around 10 times greater than the lithium-ion batteries. In this tutorial, discharge of a lithium-air battery is ... Read More
A battery’s possible energy and power outputs are crucial to consider when deciding in which type of device it can be used. A cell with high rate capability is able to generate a considerable amount of power, that is, it suffers from little polarization (voltage loss) even at high ... Read More