The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.

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Edge Effects In a Spirally Wound Lithium-Ion Battery

Due to the large differences in length scales in a lithium-ion battery, with the thickness of the different layers typically being several orders of magnitude smaller than the extension in the sheet direction, a lithium-ion battery is often well represented by a one-dimensional model. However, the packing and stacking of the battery may cause edge effects which motivate modeling in higher ...

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery

This 2D example of a vanadium flow battery demonstrates how to couple a secondary current distribution model for an ion-exchange membrane to tertiary current distribution models for two different free electrolyte compartments of a flow battery. Donnan potentials are used to model the potential shifts at the interfaces between the membrane and the free electrolyte domains.

Lithium-Ion Battery with Multiple Intercalating Electrode Materials

Lithium-ion batteries can have multiple active materials in both the positive and negative electrodes. For example, the positive electrode can have a mix of active materials such as transition metal oxides, layered metal oxides, olivines etc. These materials can have different design properties (volume fraction, particle size), thermodynamic properties (open circuit voltage), transport ...

Primary Current Distribution in a Lead-Acid Battery Grid Electrode

This 3D model example demonstrates the use of the Primary Current Distribution interface for modeling current distributions in electrochemical cells. In primary current distribution, the potential losses due to electrode kinetics and mass transport are assumed to be negligible, and ohmic losses are govern the current distribution in the cell. Here you investigate primary current distribution in ...

1D Isothermal Lithium-Ion Battery

This model demonstrates the Lithium-Ion Battery interface for studying the discharge and charge of a lithium-ion battery for a given set of material properties. The geometry is in one dimension and the model is isothermal. Battery developers can use the model to investigate the influence of various design parameters such as the choice of materials, dimensions, and the particle size distribution ...

Thermal Modeling of a Cylindrical Lithium-Ion Battery in 3D

This example simulates the heat profile in an air-cooled cylindrical battery in 3d. The battery is placed in a matrix in a battery pack. The thermal model is coupled to a 1d-battery model that is used to generate a heat source in the active battery material. The model requires the Batteries & Fuel Cells Module and the Heat Transfer Module

Cyclic Voltammetry

Cyclic voltammetry is a common analytical technique for investigating electrochemical systems. In this method, the potential difference between a working electrode and a reference electrode is swept linearly in time from a start potential to a vertex potential, and back again. The current-voltage waveform, called a voltammogram, provides information about the reactivity and mass transport ...

2D Lithium-Ion Battery

The following example is a 2D tutorial model of a lithium-ion battery. The cell geometry is not based on a real application; it is only meant to demonstrate a 2D model setup.

1D Isothermal Lithium-Air Battery

Rechargeable lithium-air batteries have recently attracted great interest mainly due to their high energy density. The theoretical value is about 11400 Wh/kg which is around 10 times greater than the lithium-ion batteries. In this tutorial, discharge of a lithium-air battery is simulated using the *Lithium-ion Battery* interface. The transport of oxygen (from external air) in the porous carbon ...

Capacity Fade of a Lithium-Ion Battery

This 1D model example demonstrates how to use the Events interface in conjunction with a battery cell model to simulate battery capacity loss during cycling. The battery is switched between constant voltage and constant current operation, both during charge and discharge. Cycleable lithium is lost in the negative electrode due to a parasitic lithium/solvent reduction reaction.

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