# Application Gallery

The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics® tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, structural, acoustics, fluid, heat, and chemical disciplines. You can use these examples as a starting point for your own simulation work by downloading the tutorial model or demo app file and its accompanying instructions.

Search for tutorials and apps relevant to your area of expertise via the Quick Search feature. To download the MPH-files, log in or create a COMSOL Access account that is associated with a valid COMSOL license. Note that many of the examples featured here can also be accessed via the Application Libraries that are built into the COMSOL Multiphysics® software and available from the File menu.

### Multi-Turn Coil Winding around a Ferromagnet

A demo model of a 50 Hz AC coil wound around a ferromagnetic (linear) core. The model is intended as a tutorial to show how to create a relatively complex geometry and set up the new Multi-Turn Coil features for the simulation. The model requires the Design module to fillet the edges of the block.

### Mutual Inductance and Induced Currents in a Multi-Turn Coil

The mutual inductance and induced currents between a single turn primary and twenty turn secondary coil in a concentric coplanar arrangement is computed using a frequency domain model. The secondary coil is modeled using a homogenized approach which does not explicitly consider each turn of the coil. The results are compared against analytic predictions.

### Modeling of an Electric Generator in 3D

These models demonstrate how to set up a sector model of rotating machinery both in 2D and 3D using the *Rotating Machinery, Magnetic* interface in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The stator in these permanent magnet AC generator examples consists of a stator winding backed by an iron core. The rotor includes the permanent magnets and iron core. The 2D and 3D models of the generator are included here. ...

### Computing the Resistance of a Wire

Every electrical device has some resistance. That is, when a voltage difference is applied across any two terminals of the device, there will be a directly proportional current flow. This model demonstrates how to compute the resistance of a short section of copper wire. The convergence of the solution with respect to the mesh size is also studied.

### Electromagnetic Forces on Parallel Current-Carrying Wires

This model shows a setup of two parallel wires with a constant current running through both. Their cross-sections are successively reduced until a set force per unit length is reached.

### Inductive Heating of Copper Cylinder

The induced currents in a copper cylinder produce heat that in turn change the electrical conductivity. This means that the field propagation has to be solved simultaneously with the heat transfer through the cylinder and surrounding system. This model shows this coupling between eddy currents and heat transfer as a tutorial example.

### Induction Currents from Circular Coils

A time-varying current induces a time-varying magnetic field. The magnetic field induces currents in neighboring conductors. The induced currents are called eddy currents. In this model, the phenomenon is illustrated by a time-harmonic field simulation as well as a transient analysis, where the eddy currents resulting from the source being switched on are studied. Two current-carrying coils ...

### Frequency Domain Modeling of a Capacitor

A capacitor with an applied sinusoidally time-varying voltage difference is modeled. A wide frequency range is considered and the impedance of the device is computed. Solver accuracy is addressed. The relationship between the frequency domain impedance and the steady-state capacitance and resistance of the device is discussed.

### Induction Heating of a Steel Billet

Induction heating is a method used to heat metals for forging and other applications. Compared with more traditional heating methods, such as gas or electric furnaces, induction heating delivers heating power directly to the piece in a more controlled way and allows for a faster processing time. The Induction Heating of a Steel Billet application can be used to design a simple induction heating ...

### Eddy Currents 3D

Induced eddy currents and associated thermal loads is of interest in many high power AC applications. This example is of general nature and illustrates some of the involved physics as well as suitable modeling techniques in the AC/DC Module. In this model a metallic plate is placed near a 50 Hz AC conductor. The resulting eddy current distribution in the plate depends on the conductivity and ...

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