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The Application Gallery features COMSOL Multiphysics tutorial and demo app files pertinent to the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. You can download ready-to-use tutorial models and demo apps with step-by-step instructions for how to create them yourself. The examples in the gallery serve as a great starting point for your own simulation work.
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Permanent Magnet

As an example of a magnetostatic problem, consider how to model a horseshoe-shaped permanent magnet. One way is to treat the entire magnet as a ferromagnetic material, where the two end sections are defined as being pre-magnetized in different and opposite directions. An alternative is to set surface currents on the pre-magnetized parts. In this tutorial model, both of the alternatives are ...

Magnetic Field of a Helmholtz Coil

A Helmholtz coil is a parallel pair of identical circular coils spaced one radius apart and wound so that the current flows through both coils in the same direction. This winding results in a uniform magnetic field between the coils with the primary component parallel to the axes of the two coils. Applications of Helmholtz coils range from canceling the earth’s magnetic field to generating ...

E-Core Transformer

This is the transient model of a single phase E-core transformer using a Multi-Turn Coil Domain. The model includes the effect of a nonlinear B-H curve in the core and shows how to connect the transformer model to the external circuits using Electric Circuit interface. The simulation is performed for two different cases; the first one with a unity turn ratio and second one with a turn ratio of ...

Modeling of a 3D Inductor

Inductors are used in many applications for low pass filtering or for impedance matching of predominantly capacitive loads. They are used in a wide frequency range from near static up to several MHz. An inductor usually has a magnetic core to increase the inductance, while keeping its size small. The magnetic core also reduces the electromagnetic interference with other devices as the magnetic ...

Computing Capacitance

A capacitor, in its simplest form, is a two terminal electrical device that stores electric energy when a voltage difference is applied across the terminals. The stored electric energy is proportional to the applied voltage squared and is quantified by the capacitance of the device. This model introduces a model of a simple capacitor, the electric field and device capacitance are solved for under ...

Generator in 2D

In this model, a rotor with permanent magnets and a nonlinear magnetic material rotates within a stator of the same magnetic material. The generated voltage in windings around the stator is calculated as a function of time. COMSOL Multiphysics models the rotation with assemblies and identity pairs. The nonlinearity of the magnetic material is also taken into account using an interpolation ...

Voltage Induced in a Coil by a Moving Magnet

A magnet moving axially through the center of a coil will induce a voltage across the coil terminals. One practical application of this is in shaker flashlights, where the flashlight is vigorously shaken back and forth, causing a magnet to move through a multi-turn coil, which provides charge to the battery. In this model, the motion of a magnet through a coil is modeled, and the induced voltages ...

Magnetic Brake

A magnetic brake consists of a permanent magnet, which induces currents in a rotating copper disk. The resulting eddy currents interact with the magnetic flux to produce Lorentz forces and subsequently a braking torque. This 3D problem is solved using a stationary formulation for the electromagnetic field coupled to an ordinary differential equation for the rotational rigid body dynamics. ...

Frequency Domain Modeling of a Capacitor

A capacitor with an applied sinusoidally time-varying voltage difference is modeled. A wide frequency range is considered and the impedance of the device is computed. Solver accuracy is addressed. The relationship between the frequency domain impedance and the steady-state capacitance and resistance of the device is discussed.

Eddy Currents in a Cylinder

An AC coil surrounding a metal cylinder induces eddy currents in the cylinder. The driving current in the coil can be specified in two ways: either as an external current density or as equivalent surface currents. In the first case, the skin effect can be studied by giving the coil a non-zero conductivity.

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