Dept. of Mechanics and Machine Design, Research Centre on Choral and Instrumental Music (MUSICOS), University of Genoa, Italy
The paper attempts to give a contribution to the dynamic analysis of musical instruments. A multidisciplinary approach oriented to the study of mechanical, structural, vibratory and acoustical phenomena related to stringed instruments is discussed. The case study focused in this paper concerns the violins family: the geometry and the vibratory propagation of this instrument is very complicated to ...
J. Caire, A. Bouh, and E. Guilminot
LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France
Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...
O. Geoffroy, and H. Rouch
INOPRO, Villard de Lans, France
The crystal growth industry uses high temperature processes. To improve production efficiency, a good knowledge of thermal effects is necessary. We show in this article a methodology to get reliable data by mixing simplified models, sensitivity studies and parameters adjustments. The precision is improved by comparison with experimental measurements.
Y. Sheng, S. Rancourt-Grenier, P. Bareil, P. Duval, M. Wei, A. Chiou, and J. Bai
University Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada
National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
A dual-trap optical tweezers is used for deforming the red blood cell (RBC) in suspension and studying its elasticity. The 3D deformation of the cells was computed with the elastic membrane theory. The calculated deformation can fit to experimental data resulting in cell’s elasticity coefficient. The static approach is valid only for small deformation (5-10%). For a large deformation such as ...
R. Godard , J. de Boer, N. Ibrahim, and G. Molina-Cuberos
Royal Military College of Canada, Kingston, ON, Canada
University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Campus Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
The Huygens Atmospheric Structure Instrument (HASI) was designed to characterize the physical properties of the lower atmosphere and surface of Titan, the planet-size moon of Saturn. The Relaxation Probe (RP) sensor on the Huygens probe, determined the electrical conductivity in the lower atmosphere of Titan, from 140 km to 40 km. It was suspected that at an altitude above 100km, the booms ...
Y. Song, and C. Wang
Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Enzymatic biofuel cells (EBFCs) are miniature, implantable power sources, which use enzymes as catalysts to perform redox reaction with biological fuels such as glucose. In this study using COMSOL Multiphysics, we use an EBFC chip, having three dimensional, highly dense micro-electrode arrays, fabricated by C-MEMS micro-fabrication techniques. Glucose oxidase (GOx) is immobilized on anodes for ...
S. Gidon, M. Brun, and S. Nicoletti
CEA Minatec, Optronic Department, Grenoble, France
Monitoring of indoor CO2 concentration is of particular interest to detect room occupancy in order to optimise power consumptions of building. One technological approach is to use optical detection using specific absorption lines of CO2 molecules in the infrared domain close to 4.2 μm. Key features for a wider use in public and private buildings are power consumption and price. Such optical ...
CEA Valduc, France
During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...
Two-Dimensional FEM Analysis Of Brillouin Gain Spectra In Acoustic Guiding And Acoustic Antiguiding Single Mode Optical Fibers
Y.S. Mamdem, X. Pheron, F.Taillade, Y. Jaouën, R. Gabet, V. Lanticq[1,3], G. Moreau, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, S. Lesoille, and J. Bertrand
EDF R&D, Chatou, France
ANDRA, Chatenay-Malabry, France
LCPC, Paris, France
Telecom ParisTech, Paris, France
Laboratoire Hubert Curien, Saint-Etienne, France
We present a full modal -analysis of optical and acoustic properties based on two-dimensional finite-element method (2D-FEM) for Brillouin Gain spectrum (BGS) determination in optical fibers with COMSOL. This model enables us to predict precisely the BGS of any kind of silica fiber knowing well the geometry of doping composition. The results of numerical modeling have shown good agreement in ...
F. Grilli, F. Sirois, and R. Brambilla
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
Ecole Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, Canada
ERSE SpA, Milan, Italy
Second-generation high-temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes are very promising superconductors for ac applications and numerical models are very important for predicting their performance, e.g. for computing the ac losses. These tapes are characterized by a very large aspect ratio: the width of the superconducting film is typically between 4 and 12 mm, whereas its thickness is in the ...