Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation

B. Sponagle[1], M. Amadu[2], D. Groulx[1], and M. Pegg[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...

Optimization of a High-Temperature High-Pressure Direct Wafer Bonding Process for III-V Semiconductors

R. Martin, J. Kozak, K. Anglin, and W. Goodhue
University of Massachusetts Lowell
Lowell, MA

Many optoelectronic devices utilize a heterojunction of a pair semiconducting materials including high-efficiency MEMS devices, solar cells, LEDs, and VCSELs. One fabrication technique which achieves such a device is direct wafer fusion. To optimize the process, COMSOL Multiphysics 4.0 was used to test various geometric configurations of the fixture. 2D and 3D models were created in order ...

Design and Analysis of Micro-tweezers with Alumina as Gripper Using COMSOL Multiphysics

V. S. Selvakumar, M. S. Gowtham, M. Saravanan, S. Suganthi, and L. Sujatha
Rajalakshmi Engineering College
Chennai, India

Micro-tweezers have been widely investigated because of their extensive applications in micro-fluidics technology, microsurgery and tissue-engineering. It has been reported that thermal actuation provides greater forces and easier control when compared to electrostatic micro actuation. In this paper, we discuss about the effects of Alumina as gripper on the operation of micro tweezers. The ...

Flare System Pressure Drop Calculations Using COMSOL

K. Alhazza[1], B. Albusairi[1], H. Kamal[1], H.M.S. Lababiedi[1], A.A. Abbas[2]
[1]Kuwait University, Kuwait City, Kuwait
[2]Petrochemical Industries Company, Kuwait City, Kuwait

COMSOL Multiphysics has been used to validate and check the design of a header transporting ammonia gases released from pressure safety valves (PSVs) to the tip of the flare. The header is part of a dedicated flaring system to contain emissions from ammonia storage tanks. The two main challenges are the low relief pressure and high capacity of the system. Another difficulty is the high relief ...

Piezoelectric Buzzer Optimization for Micropumps

A. Garcia[1], A. Marcus[1], F. Tejo[1], C. Precker[1], C. Moreira[2]
[1]Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil
[2]Instituto Federal de Alagoas, Maceio, AL, Brazil

Piezoelectric buzzers are low cost devices which can be used successfully as actuators in diaphragm-based micro-pumps. The buzzers are piezoelectric wafers (lead-zirconate-titanate-PZT) that are glued on a brass membrane and they are available within different sizes and thicknesses. For the best performance of a diaphragm pump, it is necessary to have a large displacement of the membrane. This ...

Thermal Analysis of Packaged Deep Ultraviolet LEDs

A. Dobrinsky[1], M. Shatalov[1], M. Shur[1], R. Gaska[1]
[1]Sensor Electronic Technology, Columbia, SC, USA

Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes (DUV LEDs) are presently operating at a relatively low efficiency, thus large amount of LED driving power is dissipating in heat. Thermal heating degrades LED performance and decreases LED’s lifetime. The degradation of DUV LED devices with temperature increase makes thermal management a key issue for DUV LEDs. We present a thermal analysis of DUV LED ...

Establishing Absorbed Dose Thresholds for Nonlinearities in Water Calorimetry

R.E. Tosh[1], H. Chen-Mayer[1]
[1]National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA

The technique of water calorimetry for primary-standard dosimetry of radiotherapy-level ionizing radiation is well established at national metrology institutes around the world, where such a direct realization of absorbed dose establishes the basis for calibrating instruments used for dosimetry in medical settings. The typical calorimeter system uses miniature thermistor beads to measure ...

Exergy Analysis of a Water Heat Storage Tank

F. Dammel[1], J. Winterling[1], K. J. Langeheinecke[2], P. Stephan[3]
[1]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Germany
[2]IAV, Gifhorn, Germany
[3]Institute of Technical Thermodynamics/Center of Smart Interfaces, Technische Universität, Darmstadt, Germany

A combined heat and power (CHP) plant generates both electricity and useful heat. A heat storage tank enables a decoupling of electricity and heat delivery. In this study a cylindrical hot water storage tank is considered. Charging, holding time and discharging are numerically simulated applying COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2. The performance of the heat storage is evaluated by an exergy analysis. ...

Design of a Controlled Dosing Scheme for Liquids using a Venturi

M. Dagaonkar[1], V. Kumaran[1], R. Venkataraghavan[1], D. C. Franklin[1]
[1]Unilever R&D, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Dosing a predetermined quantity of one liquid into another, in a controlled fashion, is a process often encountered in a variety of operations at both industrial and laboratory scales. This process becomes a challenging one if it has to be carried out in a continuous mode, without using any dosing pump and if the dosage levels are very small. A possible simple and elegant solution to the problem ...

Accelerating R&D with COMSOL: A Personal Account

Erik Birgersson[1]

[1]Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore

This presentation gives an account of how COMSOL Multiphysics® software has helped to accelerate research and development. It has been used to simulate energy systems such as fuel cells, biomedical systems such as hydrogels and human skin, and monolithic catalytic converters. Each of these systems requires a mathematical model that can accurately represent the relevant physics, and which can be ...

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