Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Optimization of Carbon Nanotube Field Emission Arrays

B. L. Crossley[1], M. Kossler[1], P.J. Collins[1], R. A. Coutu Jr.[1], and L. A. Starman[1]

[1]Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio, USA

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been proven experimentally to be well suited for field emission applications. An optimized triode configured CNT field emission array is developed using the COMSOL Multiphysics Electrostatics Application to adjust five key physical dimensions to investigate the effects on the enhanced electric field at the CNT emitter tips. The five dimensions studied are CNT spacing, ...

A Transient Unified Model of Arc-Weld Pool Couplings During Pulsed Spot Gas Tungsten Arc Welding

A. Traidia[1], and F. Roger[2]
[1]AREVA NP, Technical Center, Saint Marcel, France
[2]ENSTA Paristech, Paris, France

Using COMSOL Multiphysics, a finite element model is introduced in this paper to describe the couplings between the welding arc and the weld pool dynamic in pulsed gas tungsten arc welding. The cathode, arc-plasma and melting anode regions are taken into account. The unified time-dependent model describes the heat transfer, fluid flow and electromagnetic fields in the three regions. The ...

Optical and Electrical Modeling of Three Dimensional Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

P. Guo[1]
[1]Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...

Dynamics of Rotors on Hydrodynamic Bearings

R. Eling[1]
[1]Mitsubishi Turbocharger & Engine Europe, Almere, The Netherlands

This study presents a rotordynamic analysis of a rotor on hydrodynamic bearings using COMSOL Multiphysics®. In this paper, the complexity of the model is gradually increased. Starting point of the analysis is the modal analysis of the rotor in free-free conditions. A Reynolds model is set up to predict the film pressure distribution under shaft loading. Due to the cross coupling terms of the ...

Modeling Remote H2 Plasma in a Semiconductor Processing Tool

J. Brcka
TEL Technology Center, America, LLC

Hydrogen plasma is typically used in the semiconductor industry for materials processing, surface preparation and cleaning of silicon wafers and thin films. In this contribution, we developed a 2D/3D plasma fluid model as described by the set of the species and energy balance equations in a generic semiconductor tool chamber with remote Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) source. Background ...

Gate Control of Single-Electron Spins in GaAs/AlGaAs Semiconductor Quantum Dot

S. Prabhakar and J. Raynolds
College of NanoScale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, Albany, NY, USA

Non-charge-based logic is the notion that an electron can be trapped and its spin manipulated through application of gate voltages. Numerical simulations of Spin Single Electron Transistors (SSET) at University at Albany, aimed at practical development of post-CMOS concepts and devices is presented. We use COMSOL based multiphysics finite element simulation strategy to solve the ...

Modeling Carbon Nanotube FET Physics in COMSOL Multiphysics®

A. Kalavagunta
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA

Carbon nanotube FETs are generating much interest in the nanoscale electronics area. Typically subthreshold behavior in these devices has been modeled using the Laplace equation. Above threshold behavior uses self-consistent solutions to the Poisson and continuity equations. Accurate modeling of Carbon nanotube FETs needs to include quantum effects such as tunneling. Owing to the coupled nature ...

Fluid-structure Interaction Modeling of Air Bearing

H.R. Javani[1], P. Kagan[2], F. Huizinga[1]
[1]ASML - MDev – Mechanical analysis, Veldhoven, The Netherlands
[2]ASML - MDev – System Dynamics, Veldhoven, The Netherlands

Air bearings are special type of bearings which provide nearly zero friction between two surfaces. This is achieved by a compressed layer of gas between the surfaces. This study presents a modeling technique for an Air bearing component. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to efficiently solve a coupled Fluid-Structure Interaction analysis. Computational time is significantly reduced compared to ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Modeling for an Optimized Design of a Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting MEMS Generator

I. Kuehne[1], A. van der Linden[2], J. Seidel[1], M. Schreiter[1], L. Fromme[2], and A. Frey[1]
[1]Siemens AG, Corporate Research & Technologies, Munich, Germany
[2]Comsol Multiphysics GmbH, Göttingen, Germany

This paper reports the design of a piezoelectric energy harvesting micro generator for an energy autonomous tire pressure monitoring wireless sensor node. For our design we use a piezoelectric MEMS generator approach without additional mass. The intrinsic mass of the cantilever is in the microgram region and the resulting acceleration forces are very small. The generator has a triangular ...

Hybrid Modeling of a DC Magnetron Plasma Discharge

S.D. Ekpe[1], F. Jimenez[2], and S.K. Dew[2]
University of Alberta, Edmonton

This work is focused on the coupling of a Monte Carlo code with COMSOL Multiphysics conduction/convection, and electrostatic modules in solving fluid-Poisson model for the plasma properties for a practical DC magnetron low pressure plasma discharge. The magnetostatic module was used in calculating the required magnetic field.

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