Numerical Study of a High Temperature Latent Heat Storage (200-300oC) Using Eutectic Nitrate Salt of Sodium Nitrate and Potassium Nitrate
C.W. Foong, J.E. Hustad, J. Løvseth, and O.J. Nydal
Department of Energy and Process Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
In this study, a small scale direct solar thermal energy storage system with secondary reflector is designed and developed. The main advantage of thermal energy storage is that cooking can be carried out during the time when there is little or no sun shine. In addition, no heat transport fluid is needed in this system. A well insulated heat storage should keep the heat for about 24 hours. KNO3 ...
O. Ecin, M. Malek, B. J. Hosticka, and A. Grabmaier
Chair for Electronic Components and Circuits
University of Duisburg-Esse
In this work the authors report on a CFD simulation of a pipe flow model. Fluid mechanics are here combined with heat transfer phenomena. To create a mathematical model of a pulsed hot wire system i.e., the thermo-fluidic impulse response of a pulsed hot wire, a simulation model is going to be analyzed which describes the impulse response according to the physics from thermodynamics. The ...
Heat Loss Evaluation of an Experimental Set-up for Predicting the Initial Stage of the Boiling Curve for Water at low Pressure
K. T. Witte, F. Dammel, L. Schnabel, and P. Stephan
Fraunhofer Institut Solare Energiesysteme - Department of Thermal Systems and Buildings, Freiburg, Germany
Technische Universität Darmstadt - Institute of Technical Thermodynamics, Darmstadt, Germany
In this paper heat losses and gains are assessed for a specific measuring set-up improving the validity of performance data to accurately predict the initial stage of a boiling curve. Simulation focus on achieving results predicting real measuring data of a plain surface structure. Therefore, the relevant components of the measuring set-up have been implemented in a 2-D axisymmetric model ...
P. Ralek, and M. Hokr
Technical University of Liberec
Liberec, Czech Republic
The paper deals with simulation of rock heating experiment in underground, testing the rock properties for geothermal application. The modeled process is unsteady heat conduction in 3D. We made several parametric studies to find the possible temperature range with uncertainty in some of the parameters - in particular an interval around the laboratory measured heat conductivity and capacity and ...
H. Rouch, and S. Desbois
Villard de Lans, France
In this article we present Simulations results of an evaporation reactor for optical layer applications. The thermal simulation concern the source of the evaporated material. An experimental problem is ralated to the shape of the material powder surface: due to the evaporation rate, the surface don\'t keep his flat initial shape and this has a strong effect on the local evaporation rate. In ...
S. Grubinskas, and G. Raciukaitis
Center for Physical Sciences and Technology
Structure under consideration was a layered medium consisting of various materials depending on the specific solar cell. Three processes are considered: energy coupling by electrons taking into account interference effects between the layers, energy transfer from electrons to the lattice using a two-temperature model for heat dissipation and phase transitions in materials. Incident ...
D. Mrugala, T. Riebeck, and W. Lang
Institute for Microsensors, -actuators and –systems (IMSAS)
University of Bremen
The Integration of contact heat measurement with intelligent fire fighter gloves assumes parametric simulations with the heat transfer module of COMSOL. A thermocouple is embedded into high temperature protective layers of the glove and measures contact heat. This is done by by pressing the hand backside of the glove against a hot device like a door. The Heat transfer module has been used to ...
N. Williams Portal, M. van Aarle, and J. van Schijndel
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden
Department of Architecture, Building and Planning, Technical University of Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
This paper includes the implementation and comparison of two types of moisture potentials for the combined transport: the natural logarithmic of the suction pressure (LPc) and the relative humidity (RH). The finite element method has been utilized to evaluate coupled 1D thermal and hygric transport by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. The combined transport mechanisms were described by the ...
M. Bianchi Janetti, and F. Ochs
University of Innsbruck
Unit Building Physics
The simulation of heat and moisture transfer represents an essential resource in designing energy efficient buildings. In this paper a time-dependent wall model, consisting of several homogeneous domains, with third-type boundary conditions imposed on the surfaces, is implemented in the COMSOL Multiphysics environment. Temperature and moisture content is calculated inside the construction for ...
Numerical Study of the Effect of Fins on the Natural Convection Driven Melting of Phase Change Material
C. Liu, and D. Groulx
Natural convection has to be accounted and simulated for in order to properly describe the physics encounter in the phase change process. A simplified two-dimensional model was created in COMSOL 4.1. Natural convection was accounted for by adding a volume force and using the Boussinesq approach. The heat transfer and laminar flow physics were used. Results showed that natural convection played ...