Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Simplified Multiphysics Model for All-Solid State Microbatteries

M.S. Nesro[1], I.M. Elfadel[1]
[1]Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Masdar City, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Lithium microbatteries are replacing conventional power sources in many microsystems areas such as wireless sensors and biomedical monitors. In many of these applications, compact models of micro batteries are needed both at the microsystems design stage and at the real-time power management stage. These compact models are typically derived from physics-based discretized formulations. We have ...

Modeling the Electroplating of Hexavalent Chromium

N. Obaid[1], R. Sivakumaran[1], J. Lui[1], A. Okunade[1]
[1]University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada

This project modeled an industrial chromium plating process for automotive components. The process was modeled via the COMSOL Multiphysics® Electrodeposition Module. The simulation examined the effect of solution conductivity, electrode spacing, and anode height utilizing a factorial design approach. A sensitivity analysis was used to study the effect of these variables on the thickness value at ...

Modeling Galvanic Corrosion

E. Gutierrez-Miravete[1], M. Turner[2]
[1]Rensselaer at Hartford, Hartford, CT, USA
[2]General Dynamics-Electric Boat, Groton, CT, USA

Galvanic corrosion is encountered in marine applications because one often has dissimilar metal joints and seawater acts as an electrolyte. One metal acts predominantly as anode and undergoes material dissolution while the other acts predominantly as cathode and is the site where a cathodic reaction takes place. Assuming a stagnant electrolyte, the equation governing the distribution of ...

Current Distribution on PEM Fuel Cells with Different Flow Channel Patterns

A. Paulino[1], E. Cunha[1], E. Robalinho[2], R. Passos[3], E. Santiago[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
[3]Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, AM, Brazil

In this paper, PEM fuel cells with serpentine and interdigitated flow channel patterns were studied. The main objective was to analyze the influence of the flow channel design in the current distribution over the cell. A 3D isothermal model comprising the entire 5 cm² cell was developed for this study. Polarization curves show that both cells have very similar performances. However, current ...

Electrochemical Modeling of Copper Electrorefining in Lab Scale and Pilot Plant Scale

D. Sujish[1], Jinimol Joy[1], B. Muralidharan[1], G. Padmakumar [1], K.K. Rajan[1]
[1]Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India

Pyrochemical reprocessing is a non-aqueous method for reprocessing spent metallic fuels. Electrorefining is an important step in pyrochemical reprocessing. Ambient temperature electrorefiner (ATER) is a facility to demonstrate the various mechanisms and associated interlocks. Here the electrolysis of copper in acidified copper sulphate electrolyte will be carried out to demonstrate the ...

Transient Modelling of a Fluorine Electrolysis Cell; Fully Coupled Electric Currents, Heat-Transfer, Diluted Species Transport and Laminar Bubbly Flow

R. Pretorius[1], P. L. Crouse[1], and C. J. Hattingh[2]
[1]University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
[2]Metallurgical Testing and Consultation (MTC) cc, Farrarmere, South Africa

A laboratory-scale fluorine reactor was simulated with COMSOL Multiphysics®. This model employs fundamental fully coupled electron-, heat-, mass- and momentum transfer (two-phase) equations to deliver a transient model of the above-mentioned reactor. Quasi-steady-state results were produced for the current density, electric field, temperature, reactive species concentration, gas- and liquid ...

The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining

B. Bingham[1]
[1]Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA

Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...

Influence of Electrode Kinetics on Lithium-ion Battery Characteristics

H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias[2]
[1]University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
[2]University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France

The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...

Modeling of Liquid Water Distribution at Cathode Gas Flow Channels in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell – PEMFC

S. Skoda[1], E. Robalinho[2], A. Paulino[1], E.F. Cunha[1], M. Linardi[1]
[1]Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares, São Paulo, Brazil
[2]Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brazil

The objective of this study is to determine the locations where liquid water accumulates at cathode gas flow channels, and the corresponding operating conditions. In such way it is possible to mitigate slug flow, responsible for channel blockage and hindering the diffusion of reactants to the catalytic sites. The model presented here is a comprehensive PEMFC 3D model, which includes liquid water ...

Modeling of the Material/Electrolyte Interface and the Electrical Current Generated During the Pulse Electrochemical Machining of Grey Cast Iron

O. Weber[1], A. Rebschläger[1], P. Steuer[1], D. Bähre[2]
[1]Center for Mechatronics and Automatization, Saarbrücken, Germany
[2]Institute of Production Engineering, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

The Pulse Electrochemical Machining is especially suitable for the precise production of complex geometric contours with high precision and high surface quality demands in series manufacturing. During this process, the negative structure of an electrode is copied to the workpiece without sub-surface damages. An adequate knowledge of the current and thus of the material removal behavior is ...

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