Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Effect of Electron Transfer Rate on the Electrochemical Process of Interdigitated Electrodes

X. Yang[1], and G. Zhang[1-3]
[1] Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, The University of Georgia
[2] Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center, The University of Georgia
[3] Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia

Affinity-based sensing often relies on the blockage for electron transfer at an electrode surface due to complimentary binding. Such blockage will reduce the electron transfer rate (ETR) in an electrochemical detection method such as electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) or cyclic voltammogram (CV). To improve the sensitivity of the CV method, we studied the CV performance of ...

Study of Hydrogen Release from a Metal Hydride Bed

K. Song[1], and H. Knickle[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Rhode Island, Kingston Rhode Island, USA

In this paper we present a study of the time dependent analysis of a metal hydride bed (MHB) which provides constant flow to a fuel cell at required power loading and pressure. The hydrogen gas phase pressure, the hydrogen concentration in the metal hydride and the hydrogen desorption rate are consider as key variables in this study. Both the space scale and time scale analysis are performed. ...

A Non-isothermal Modeling of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell

H. Shin[1]

[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan – Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells have attracted attention as an alternative power source in various applications such as vehicles, portable supplies, and stationary power systems. A non-isothermal PEM fuel model is developed and simulated by using COMSOL Multiphysics. Although PEM fuel cells have been expected to be extensively used as an alternative power source, there have been ...

Creating Business Opportunities using Mathematical Modeling

E. M. Fontes
Catella Generics AB

Computational mathematical modeling has allowed scientists and engineers to perform better, faster, and more economical virtual experiments. Through mathematical modeling, an application expert can simulate performance characteristics during different operating conditions and thereby accelerate the pace of understanding new electrochemical system in relation to specific application ...

Simulation of Electrochemical Etching of Silicon with COMSOL

A. Ivanov
Hochschule Furtwangen
Furtwangen, Germany

Electrochemical etching of silicon (anodization) is a process that can be used for etching of forms of nearly arbitrary shapes. The difficulty of applying the process for mass production is in the many parameters influencing the process, such as electrolyte concentration and temperature, silicon substrate doping and type, and so on. COMSOL as an FEM simulation tool is very suitable for ...

Optimizing Fuel Cell Design with COMSOL Multiphysics

Chin-Hsien Cheng[1]
[1]Renewable Energy RD Center, Chung-Hsin Electric & Machinery, Taiwan

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated using COMSOL Multiphysics with the AC/DC Module and Chemical Engineering Module. Simulation may be used to increase the performance while decreasing the cost of the catalyst later (CL). Experimental validation of single and multi-layer CL was performed for varied PBI electrolyte content. The validated model was used to investigate the ...

Diffusion-controlled Redox Cycling at Nanoscale Interdigitated Electrodes

Yang, X.1, Zhang, G.1, 2, 3
1 Micro/Nano Bioengineering Laboratory, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering
2 Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center
3 Faculty of Engineering, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA

Diffusion controlled redox cycling behavior at nanoscale interdigitated electrodes (IDEs) was simulated using FEMLAB. Cyclic voltammograms were obtained for IDEs with various sizes and spacing, and current collection efficiency and cycling number were calculated. We found that as the size of the IDEs decreased, the shape of the voltammogram changed from a peak-shaped curve to a sigmoidal ...

Microband Electrodes in Microchannels: Edge Diffusion and Wall Effects

N. Godino1, F. J. del Campo2, and F. X. Muñoz1
1Instituto de Microelectrónica de Barcelona, IMB-CNM-CSIC, Barcelona, Spain
2Institut de Biotecnologia i Biomedicina "Vicent Pallar Palasi", Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Microfluidics enables the miniaturization and integration of sensors into advanced analytical devices. Electrochemical detection is currently one of the preferential techniques of use in microfluidic devices due to its sensitivity, low cost and compatibility with new microfabrication techniques. In this work, we first model the electrochemical response of a set of microband electrodes placed ...

Low Pt Cathodes for High Performance PEMFCs: Modeling and Experiments

F. Daouda[1], J. Hamelin[1], P. Benard[1], S. Kumar Natarajan [1]
[1]Insitut de recherche sur l'hydrogène, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Québec, Canada

We present a novel multi-layered electrode fabrication technique for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). This method consists of alternate layers of Pt deposition (0.05 mg/cm²) by sputtering on the painted multi-walled carbon-Nafion layer (CNL) with larger concentration of catalyst particles closer to the membrane. Parametric models were developed and validated by experimental ...

Numerical Modelling of Electrophoresis Applied to Restoration of Archaeological Organic Materials

J. Caire[1], A. Bouh[1], and E. Guilminot[2]
[1]LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
[2]EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France

Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...

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