Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Optimizing Transducer Configuration of Capacitive Sensors for Agricultural Applications

N. Stroia[1], D. Moga[1], G. Mocanu[1], Z. Barabas[1], R. Moga [2]
[1]Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

This work aims to determine optimized configuration using COMSOL Multiphysics® for a class of transducers. Two types of capacitive sensors needed for monitoring and control in agriculture are investigated: a rain sensor and a soil humidity sensor. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to test various configurations for both transducers, like the number of teeth in the comb, the depth of the teeth, the ...

The Effects of a Superparamagnetic Ground on the EMI Response of a Target

A. T. Clark[1]
[1]Research & Development, WM Robots LLC, Colmar, PA, USA

Soil’s electromagnetic properties adversely affect the performance of electromagnetic induction (EMI) sensors and if conditions are severe enough, render them useless. A simple circuit model is often used to express the electromagnetic induction response of a target analytically. This analytic model produces a response function that contains unique characteristics based on the target’s ...

Reliable Full-Wave EM Simulation of a Single-Layer SIW Interconnect with Transitions to Microstrip Lines

J. L. Chavez-Hurtado[1], J. E. Rayas-Sanchez[1], Z. Brito-Brito[1]
[1]ITESO - Universidad Jesuita de Guadalajara, Tlaquepaque, Jalisco, Mexico

We present a procedure to obtain reliable EM responses for a SIW interconnect with microstrip line transitions. The procedure focuses on two COMSOL® configuration settings: meshing size and simulation bounding box. Once both are properly configured, the implemented structure is tested by perturbing the simulation bounding box to ensure it has no effect on the EM responses.

A Phase Field Approach to Model Laser Power Control in Spot Laser Welding

C. Touvrey[1], V. Bruyere[2], P. Namy[2]
[1]CEA DAM, Valduc, France
[2]SIMTEC, Grenoble, France

Spot laser welding is largely used in industrial manufacturing, especially in the case of small penetration depth. Unfortunately, welded joins are often polluted by porosities. The formation of porosities depends on complex thermo-hydraulic phenomena. During the interaction, a deep and narrow cavity - called the keyhole - is formed. At the end of the interaction, surface tension forces ...

Simple Finite Element Model of the Topografiner

H. Cabrera[1], D. A. Zanin[1], L. G. De Pietro[1], A. Vindigni[1], U. Ramsperger[1], D. Pescia[1]
[1]Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

In our recent experiments we are revisiting the topografiner technology for the imaging of surface topography with a resolution of a few nanometers. In these new technique called Near-Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (NFESEM), low-energy electrons are emitted from a polycrystalline tungsten tip via electric-field assisted tunneling. In order to characterize and improve the capabilities ...

Simple Disk Piezo Transformer Based Oscillator

J. P. Sandoz[1], J. M. Kissling[1]
[1]Institute of Applied Microtechnology, La Chaux-de-Fonds, HE‐ARC, Switzerland

In this contribution we present a COMSOL Multiphysics® example of a disk piezoelectric ceramic transformer (D-PT) coupled with a bipolar NPN transistor to form an auto-oscillator. The comparison between the simulations and the measurements made on our prototype are found to be in good agreement. Having at our disposal a large number of homogenously poled disks, we decided to build and to ...

Numerical Simulation of Chamber Design for Pulsed Electric Fields Processing of Wet Olive Pomace

N. Varga[1], I. Perales[2], A. Portugal[2]
[1]ATEKNEA Solutions Hungary, Budapest, Hungary
[2]ATEKNEA Solutions Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain

The application of pulsed electric fields (PEF) is well known in the food industry as an advanced technology for mass transfer improvement. A new potential adaptation area of PEF could be extracting a valuable antioxidant called polyphenol from wet olive pomace (WOP) which is a by-product of olive oil production. The modelling includes the PEF effects on the WOP which is flowing through a ...

Impedance measurements in reinforced concrete and 3D FEM simulations

Nogueira, A.1, Nóvoa, X.R.1, Keddam, M.2, Vivier, V.2
1 Universidade de Vigo (E.T.S.E.I.) Spain
2 UPR 15 CNRS “LISE”, case 133 - Université P. & M. Curie, Paris, France

The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements in reinforced concrete are reported and compared with 3D-finite element simulations with FEMLAB software. It was shown that the current injected in the cement past was partially collected by the reinforcement. Moreover, from both experimental results and calculations, it was shown that the fraction of current collected depends on the ...

Electrical Impedance Sensor to Detect Tunnels and Infrastructure in Soil  

R. Gamache, and D. Spinelli
TransTech Systems, Inc., Schenectady, NY, USA

Tunnels and their detection have been a problem in warfare since the ancient world. Recent events have highlighted the ongoing problems of tunnels and the difficulties in locating them, not only in military situations, but also in law enforcement and homeland security applications as well. Electromagnetic and acoustic or seismic techniques may provide the significant advantage of a mobile non ...

Optimization of an Electromagnetic Actuator with COMSOL Multiphysics

T. Müller[1], A. Schwenger[2], and H. Haase[1]
[1]Institut für Grundlagen der Elektrotechnik und Messtechnik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Germany
[2]Volkswagen AG, Germany

This paper describes the automatic optimization of an electromagnetic actuator using a genetic algorithm.  The actuator modeled here is dedicated for charge changing valve actuation in internal combustion engines. In the first step of the simulation, several operating points are calculated using the script language of COMSOL Multiphysics. In order to reduce computation time, only one segment of ...

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