Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Modeling of Groundwater Flow and Pollutant Transport in a Two-Dimensional Geometry with Heterogeneities

M. Gobbert, M. Whitmore, B. Peercy, M. Baker, and D. Trott
University of Maryland Baltimore County
Baltimore, MD

The Delmarva Peninsula is located on the East Coast of the United States, between the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean. Industrial farming in the Delmarva Peninsula leads to levels of nutrients nitrogen, which grossly exceed natural levels and greatly impair the health of the bay. The main source of water carrying excess nitrogen to streams is groundwater. We use the software package COMSOL ...

Patch Antenna Model for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

T. Eppes, I. Milanovic, and S. Thiruvengadam
University of Hartford
West Hartford, CT

Patch antennas are widely used in communications links with unmanned aerial vehicles. Their hemispherical send and receive patterns enable the systems to maintain radio frequency contact over a wide range of vehicular attitudes. A microstrip-fed design offers other attractive features including lightweight, inexpensive, and a 3-D structure that can be easily integrated into the fuselage. This ...

Carbon MEMS Accelerometer

J. Strong, and C. Washburn
Sandia National Laboratories
Albuquerque, NM

The newly emerging field of carbon-based MEMS (C-MEMS) attempts to utilize the diverse properties of carbon to push the performance of MEMS devices beyond what is currently achievable. Our design employs a carbon-carbon composite using nano-materials to build a new class of MEMS accelerometer that is hyper-sensitive over a dynamic range from micro-G to hundreds of G’s – far surpassing the ...

Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models

M. A. Zaeem[1], H. Yin[2], and S. D. Felicelli[3]
[1]Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
[2]Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
[3]Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS

A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...

Modeling Cavity Growth in Underground Coal Gasification

A. Sarraf Shirazi, J. Mmbaga, and R. Gupta
University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB
Canada

Underground coal gasification (UCG) has received renewed interest due to its potential for utilization of the vast amounts of coals available in deep underground seams and the current drive towards clean coal utilization. UCG process involves the reaction between air/steam and coal in deep underground seams to form a combustible gas which is brought to surface via a production well and used as a ...

Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of a Peristaltic Pump

N. Elabbasi, J. Bergstrom, and S. Brown
Veryst Engineering, LLC.
Needham, MA

Peristaltic pumping is an inherently nonlinear multiphysics problem where the deformation of the tube and the pumped fluid are strongly coupled. We used COMSOL Multiphysics to investigate the performance of a 180 degree rotary peristaltic pump with two metallic rollers, and an elastomeric tube pumping a viscous Newtonian fluid. The model captures the peristaltic flow, the flow fluctuations ...

Polymer Compositional Profile Controls By-Product Fate from Erodible Endovascular Scaffolds

T. Shazly, and J. Ferdous
Biomedical Eng., Mechanical Eng. Dept.
University of South Carolina
Columbia, SC

Erodible polymeric scaffolds can mitigate long-term risks associated with permanent implants currently used to treat ischemic artery disease. However, safe deployment of erodible scaffolds is predicated on understanding the interactions between evolved material by-products and local biological tissues. We developed an integrated computational model of polymeric scaffold degradation, by-product ...

COMSOL-Based Nuclear Reactor Kinetics Studies at the HFIR

D. Chandler[1], J. Freels[2], R. Primm III[3], and G. Maldonado[1]
[1]Department of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
[2]Research Reactors Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN
[3]Primm Consulting, LLC., Knoxville, TN

The computational ability to accurately predict the dynamic behavior of a nuclear reactor core in response to reactivity-induced perturbations is an important subject in reactor physics. Space-time and point kinetics methodologies were developed for the purpose of studying the transient-induced behavior of the High Flux Isotope Reactor’s (HFIR) compact core. The space-time simulations employed ...

Reconstruction for Interstitial Diffuse Optical Tomography (iDOT) for Human Prostate

X. Liang, K. Kang-Hsin Wang, and T. Zhu
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA

Determination of tissue optical properties distributions is very important for determining light fluence distribution during photodynamic therapy (PDT). In this study, an interstitial diffuse optical tomography (iDOT) system was used to characterize the spatial distribution of optical properties for a series of mathematical phantoms as well as verification measurements in a prostate ...

Numerical Analysis of Heating and Ablating Non-Pyrolitic Materials

A. Davidy
IMI
Ramat-Hasharon
Israel

In this paper a two dimensional time dependent model is developed and assessed to describe the interrelated processes of conduction, convective heating and ablation of non pyrolytic ablative material. An aerothermochemical analysis for the process of non-pyrolitic composite material regression in advanced solid-propellant rocket motors has been conducted. The analytical approach is similar in ...

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