M. F. Zäh, S. Lutzmann, M. Kahnert, and F. Walchshäusl
iwb Anwenderzentrum Augsburg, TU München, Augsburg, Germany
Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) methods, like Electron Beam Sintering (EBS), constitute an interesting process concerning the production of small series and customized products. However, transient effects occur during processing due to the different physical principles of an electron beam (EB). Thus, process knowledge from similar ALM technologies, for instance Selective Laser Melting, can ...
T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway
Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...
K. Ehrhold, S. Christiansen[1,2], and U. Gösele
Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle, Germany,
Institute of Photonic Technology, Jena, Germany
Plasmonics is a new branch of the fascinating field of photonics and develops concepts to quench light beyond the diffraction limit and enhance electromagnetic fields. These enhancements occur in metals as localized surface plasmon polaritons (LSP) a coupling of the surface density oscillations of the electron gas to the incident light. With threedimensional nano-structures of coinage metals that ...
K. Buehler, and J. W. Louw
University of Applied Sciences Offenburg, Germany
Rotating fluids are important in nature and technology. Many applications can be found in the field of meteorology and in rotating machinery. This investigation concerns the application of the swirl flow application mode in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate nonlinear aspects of flows within spherical geometries. The results show the non-uniqueness of the supercritical solutions and interesting ...
S. Bhosle, R. Diez, H. Piquet, D. Le Thanh, B. Rahmani, D. Buso
Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France
Excilamps are artificial Ultraviolet sources based on the emission of excimers or exciplexes. The latter are excited states of weakly bound rare gas or halide/rare gas atoms which emit a photon in the UV region when they dissociate. Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) excilamps are promising UV sources for the future, provided the coupling between their power supply is optimized. The model ...
Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics
I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany
Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...
E. Le Guen, R. Fabbro, F. Coste, M. Carin, and P. Le Masson
LALP (CNRS)/GIP GERAILP, Arcueil, France
LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France
Hybrid laser-MIG arc welding has very interesting advantages compared to laser welding or arc welding used separately. It is known that improvement of productivity results in higher welding speeds, thicker welded materials, joint fit-up allowance, better stability of molten pool, and improvement of joint metallurgical quality. In order to use these techniques efficiently in industrial production, ...
B. Cahill, A. Giannitsis, G. Gastrock, M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann
Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
 Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia
Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of the ...
O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, S. Wackerow, M. Beleites, and H. Graener
Inst. für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany
Glass containing nanoparticles is a promising material for various photonic applications due to the unique optical properties mainly resulting from the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles. The characteristics of the resonance can be modified by varying size, shape and concentration of the particles. A finite element method (FEM) implemented in the software COMSOL ...
D. Grondin, J. Deseure, A. Brisse, M. Zahid, and P. Ozil
Laboratoire d’Electrochimie et de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces (LEPMI), Saint Martin d’Hères, France
European Institute for Energy Research (EIFER), Karlsruhe, Germany
Based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology, the solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) offers an interesting solution for mass hydrogen production. This study proposes a multiphysics model to predict the SOEC behavior. A global approach and several electrochemical kinetic equations were used for modeling. The simulated results demonstrated that a Butler-Volmer’s equation including ...