Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Determination of Process Parameters for Electron Beam Sintering (EBS)

M. F. Zäh, S. Lutzmann, M. Kahnert, and F. Walchshäusl
iwb Anwenderzentrum Augsburg, TU München, Augsburg, Germany

Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) methods, like Electron Beam Sintering (EBS), constitute an interesting process concerning the production of small series and customized products. However, transient effects occur during processing due to the different physical principles of an electron beam (EB). Thus, process knowledge from similar ALM technologies, for instance Selective Laser Melting, can ...

Comparing Equations for Two-Phase Fluid Flow in Porous Media

T. Bjornara, and E. Aker
NGI, Oslo, Norway

Various types of equation system formulations for modeling two-phase flow in porous media using the finite element method have been investigated. These allow for equation manipulation such that the main differences between the formulations are the dependent variables that are solved for. Here we have tested five different formulations for 2D simulations and one for 1D; the Buckley-Leverett ...

Plasmonic Properties of Bimetal Nanoshell Cylinders and Spheres

K. Ehrhold[1], S. Christiansen[1,2], and U. Gösele[1]
[1]Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle, Germany,
[2]Institute of Photonic Technology, Jena, Germany

Plasmonics is a new branch of the fascinating field of photonics and develops concepts to quench light beyond the diffraction limit and enhance electromagnetic fields. These enhancements occur in metals as localized surface plasmon polaritons (LSP) a coupling of the surface density oscillations of the electron gas to the incident light. With threedimensional nano-structures of coinage metals that ...

Numerical Simulations of Spherical Gap Flows

K. Buehler, and J. W. Louw
University of Applied Sciences Offenburg, Germany

Rotating fluids are important in nature and technology. Many applications can be found in the field of meteorology and in rotating machinery. This investigation concerns the application of the swirl flow application mode in COMSOL Multiphysics to simulate nonlinear aspects of flows within spherical geometries. The results show the non-uniqueness of the supercritical solutions and interesting ...

Modeling of a Dielectric Barrier Discharge Lamp for UV Production

S. Bhosle, R. Diez, H. Piquet, D. Le Thanh, B. Rahmani, D. Buso
Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France

Excilamps are artificial Ultraviolet sources based on the emission of excimers or exciplexes. The latter are excited states of weakly bound rare gas or halide/rare gas atoms which emit a photon in the UV region when they dissociate. Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) excilamps are promising UV sources for the future, provided the coupling between their power supply is optimized. The model ...

Prediction and Optimization of Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Geometries using COMSOL Multiphysics

I. Knorr, K. Christou, J. Meinertz, A. Selle, J. Ihlemann, and G. Marowsky
Laser-Laboratorium Göttingen e.V., Germany

Raman spectroscopy is a commonly used tool in biodiagnostics and sensor technology. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering provides high signal enhancements especially at nanostructured metallic surfaces. In this paper the electromagnetic Raman enhancement from different metallic nanostructures - including gold coated gratings, spherical and hemispherical particles - is calculated by using the finite ...

Modeling 2D and 3D of Hybrid Laser Nd:Yag - MIG Welding Processes

E. Le Guen[1], R. Fabbro[1], F. Coste[1], M. Carin[2], and P. Le Masson[2]
[1]LALP (CNRS)/GIP GERAILP, Arcueil, France
[2]LIMATB, Université de Bretagne Sud, Lorient, France

Hybrid laser-MIG arc welding has very interesting advantages compared to laser welding or arc welding used separately. It is known that improvement of productivity results in higher welding speeds, thicker welded materials, joint fit-up allowance, better stability of molten pool, and improvement of joint metallurgical quality. In order to use these techniques efficiently in industrial production, ...

A Dynamic Electrowetting Simulation using the Level-Set Method

B. Cahill[1], A. Giannitsis[1], G. Gastrock[1], M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann[1]
[1]Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
[2] Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of the ...

Photonic/Plasmonic Structures from Metallic Nanoparticles in a Glass Matrix

O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, S. Wackerow, M. Beleites, and H. Graener
Inst. für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany

Glass containing nanoparticles is a promising material for various photonic applications due to the unique optical properties mainly resulting from the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles. The characteristics of the resonance can be modified by varying size, shape and concentration of the particles. A finite element method (FEM) implemented in the software COMSOL ...

Multiphysics Modeling and Simulation of a Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell

D. Grondin[1], J. Deseure[1], A. Brisse[2], M. Zahid[2], and P. Ozil[1]
[1]Laboratoire d’Electrochimie et de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces (LEPMI), Saint Martin d’Hères, France
[2]European Institute for Energy Research (EIFER), Karlsruhe, Germany

Based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology, the solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) offers an interesting solution for mass hydrogen production. This study proposes a multiphysics model to predict the SOEC behavior. A global approach and several electrochemical kinetic equations were used for modeling. The simulated results demonstrated that a Butler-Volmer’s equation including ...

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