Galvanic corrosion between two different phases (alpha and beta phases) in a metallic (magnesium) alloy is simulated for a representative cross-sectional microstructure configuration. A key feature in the model formulation is the implementation of both anodic and cathodic regions at the electrode surface using a single boundary represented in terms of the level set function.
Mass transport limitations within thin crevices can often result in the local electrochemistry to differ significantly between the crevice opening (mouth) and end (tip), and as a result of the differences in local chemistry, corrosion may occur. This example models crevice corrosion of iron in an acetic acid/sodium acetate solution. The model reproduces the results of Walton.
The use of Aluminum (Al) isolator is a commonly employed mitigation strategy for galvanic corrosion between magnesium alloy (Mg) and mild steel (MS). The present model demonstrates the effect of Al isolator thickness on galvanic corrosion severity using a parametric study. The electrode kinetics is implemented here using the experimental polarization data available in literature.
This tutorial example serves as an introduction to the Corrosion Module and models the metal oxidation and oxygen reduction current densities on the surface of a galvanized nail, surrounded by a piece of wet wood, which acts as electrolyte. The protecting zinc layer on the nail is not fully covering, so that at the tip of the nail the underlaying iron surface is exposed. First the electrolyte ...